The Woodrow Wilson Center Press
One Homeland or Two? The Nationalization and Transnationalization of Mongolia's Kazakhs
How do ethnicity and notions of a traditional homeland interact in shaping a community's values and images? As Alexander C. Diener shows in One Homeland or Two?, the answer, even in a diaspora, is far from a simple harking back to the "old country."
Diener's research focuses on the complex case of the Kazakhs of Mongolia. Pushed out of the Soviet Union, then courted by the leaders of a new post-Soviet nation—the first-ever country named after them—and facing a newly urbanized, somewhat Russianized, and culturally Sovietized homeland, Mongolia's Kazakhs have had to figure out whether they can be better Kazakhs in Kazakhstan or in Mongolia, and then how much they identify as Kazakhstanis and how much as Mongolians. Diener brings a battery of social science methodology to bear on this, especially intensive fieldwork in both Kazakhstan and Mongolia. In the end, he illustrates the complexity and dynamism of this multigenerational, diasporic community, while demonstrating that the link between identity and place, despite the effects of globalization, is far from eroding.
What People are Saying
"While the literature on diaspora, homecoming, and homeland is vast, there is very little discussion of these issues and concepts as they relate to the Kazakhs. This book is of great import to the international migration field."
—Elzbieta M. Gozdziak, Georgetown University
List of Figures and Tables
1 Introduction: Approaching Territorial Belonging
Part I. Theoretical Perspective
2 The Making and Remaking of Homeland: The Processes of Territorialization and Displacement
Part II. Historical Context
3 Ethnogenesis and Contested Homeland Claims: Problematizing the "Kazakh-Mongolians?"
4 Geobodies, Geopolitics, and Identity Construction in North Central Asia
Part III. Patriation
5 Mongols, Kazakhs, and Territorial Identity: Trajectories of Nationalization
6 Constructing Boundaries: Kazakh-Mongolians and the Small-Scale Homeland
Part IV. (Re)Patriation
7 Kazakhstan or Kazakhstani-stan: Trajectories of Nationalization
8 The Mongolian-Kazakh Oralmandar: The Complexities of "Return Migration"
Part V. Comparisons and Conclusions
9 One Homeland or Two? A Comparative Analysis
10 Conclusions: Betwixt and Between—Tensions of National and Transnational Belonging
A Methods of Data Collection
B Tables Giving Detailed Demographic Breakdowns for the Mongolia and Kazakhstan Surveys
References and Bibliography