French; May 2007.
English; Africa Program Issue Briefing No. 1, July 2005.
The recent events in Northern Africa and in Côte D’Ivoire remind us that peace remains fragile in Africa. They also show the existence, in the long-term, of an intimate relationship between political stability and democracy. Indeed, the lack of the latter often jeopardizes the former. Despite great improvements in the stability and economic growth of many African states, some of its regions still experience significant domestic conflicts.
A binding constraint on African development is the continent’s crippling infrastructure deficit. Infrastructure is a crucial stimulant for growth and development. Investment, production and trade cannot occur without adequate water and power sources, road, rail and air transport and communication systems. Well-functioning and effectively maintained infrastructure is essential to Africa’s economic performance.