50 years later, new research is shedding historical light on the tense and dangerous nuclear standoff between the US and USSR on the tiny island of Cuba. The first segment in a CONTEXT series marking the anniversary features Timothy Naftali who provides insight on the epic tale from the perspectives of Havana and Moscow.
The Romanian dissident movement in the 1970s and 1980s was markedly different from its counterparts in Czechoslovakia and Poland. Wilson Center Public Policy Scholar Mihail Neamtu discusses one Romanian who exercised dissent by immersing himself in classical languages and culture and withholding the benefits of his intellect from the state.
The Ion Ratiu Democracy Award aims to bring international recognition to the ideas and accomplishments of individuals around the world who are working on behalf of democracy. Whether they are in exile from repressive regimes or operating within emerging democracies, recipients of the Ion Ratiu Democracy Award are democracy advocates with the type of life-changing experience in Washington that Ion Ratiu encountered as a young Romanian democracy activist in the 1970s and 1980s. The Award provides a month-long scholarship at the Wilson Center during which awardees have an opportunity to immerse themselves in the scholarly, policymaking, and NGO communities in Washington, D.C. The award workshop is supported by the Ratiu Family Charitable Foundation, established in 1979. The Foundation aims to further education and research in Romanian culture and history, and to stimulate and support civil society in its understanding and application of democracy and democratic principles worldwide.
In the early 1980s, Brazilian nuclear activities were facing stark challenges. The 1975 Brazil-West German nuclear cooperation agreement had inspired strong opposition from the US and elsewhere. The landmark agreement provided for reactor construction and the transfer of uranium enrichment and plutonium reprocessing capabilities that would give Brazil mastery of the entire nuclear fuel cycle. Officials in Washington viewed the agreement as a major proliferation risk.
NPIHP Senior Adviser Martin J. Sherwin places the Cuban Missile Crisis in historical perspective in the latest edition of the National Archives and Records Administration's Prologue Magazine.
The Wilson Center's Global Europe program offers a number of scholarships for Ph.D. and post-doctoral research in the fields of social sciences and humanities with a regional focus on Central and Eastern Europe, including the Baltic states.