Historically, economic downturns have provided fertile ground for entrepreneurship. Is the same true during the current economic crisis? Amy Wilkinson, who has been studying and reporting on the vital world of entrepreneurs, describes how public policy can spur entrepreneurship and job creation.
A joint online publication from the Brazil Institute and STAGE from the first installment of a two-part conference, in which a distinguished eight-member panel discussed how public policies, governmental institutions and the adoption of intellectual property rights affect efficacy and the use of innovation throughout Brazil's economy.
Collaboration between the public and private sectors helped the U.S. economy recover from its last period of economic malaise, and similar collaboration is needed today, according to a key participant in the 1980s–1990s competitiveness movement.In Building the Next American Century, Kent H. Hughes describes that movement, beginning with the conditions that stimulated it: stagflation in the early 1970s, declines in manufactured exports, and challenges from German and Japanese manufacturers. The United States responded with monetary and fiscal reform, technological innovation, and formation of a culture of lifelong learning. Although a great deal of leadership came from government, a new sense of partnership with the private sector and its leaders was crucial. Hughes attributes much of the national prosperity of the late 1990s to contributions from the private sectors. Hughes argues that a twenty-first-century competitiveness strategy with a system-wide approach to innovation, learning, and global engagement can meet today's challenges, even in the demanding environment shaped by national security concerns after 9/11.---Kent H. Hughes has served as President of the Council on Competitiveness, Associate Deputy Secretary of Commerce, Senior Economist of the Congressional Joint Economic Committee, Chief Economist to Senate Majority Leader Robert C. Byrd, and in a number of other important positions. He is currently director of the Project on Science, Technology, America, and the Global Economy at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.Building the Next American Century: The Past and Future of Economic Competitiveness(Woodrow Wilson Press, 2005)Price: $55.00 hardcover;$24.95 paperISBN 0-8018-8204-4 hardcover; 0-8018-8203-6 paperDistributed by: Johns Hopkins University PressTelephone: 1-800-537-5467 To order this book please visit: http://www.press.jhu.edu/books/title_pages/8814.html
Deliberate manipulation of foreign exchange rates by a number of countries is one of the most egregious of all unfair trade practices today. By maintaining an artificially low exchange rate, a country in effect imposes an extra charge on imports (equivalent to a tariff) and also gains an unfair trade advantage in the U.S. and third country markets. While this practice has long been recognized as unfair, international trade rules have no effective provisions to address this issue.
On June 28-29, 2010, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars hosted the 20th Anniversary Summit of the Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship Program. The fellows offer a unique perspective on U.S. schools and educational policy making; they have been chosen by the Department of Energy to spend a fellowship year, or two, in congressional or executive offices based on their excellence in teaching science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) subjects in K-12 schools. This report highlights the outcomes of the summit and focuses on key issues in STEM education.
The formula to avoid the “fiscal cliff” is simple write Jane Harman and Vin Weber: a bipartisan compromise including spending cuts, entitlement reform and changes to the tax code that was outlined nearly two years ago in The Simpson Bowles Act. “No party can solve these knotty issues alone or without compromise,” the former members of Congress write for Politico.
Proceedings from a conference with leading experts examining the hugely successful American model of technological and scientific innovation. They stress the importance of government funding of physical science for the realms of national security, education, and industry.
The Program on America and the Global Economy along with Paul Vallas, Distinguished Scholar and noted education reformer recently released a publication identifying the main challenges facing U.S. education in the 21st century.
The Wilson Center and the Council of American Ambassadors co-convened a conference in April to explore the changing and growing role of ambassadors to advance America's economic interests abroad.