Long before it came to the Arab world, spring swept through sub-Saharan Africa. In 1990, Mozambique drafted its first multiparty, democratic constitution. The next year saw multiparty elections in what had been one-party states in Benin, Gabon, and Zambia, as well as the overthrow of Mali’s dictator and, subsequently, the election of new leaders. Every succeeding year brought new steps forward for democracy—in Ghana, Kenya, and the Republic of the Congo in 1992, and elsewhere on the continent in subsequent years. The world only paid attention when South Africa joined the ranks of democratic nations in 1994.
As the U.S. government copes with huge challenges in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, other fragile states hang in the balance while generating threats to U.S. and international security. This report summarizes the findings from a colloquium hosted by the Project on Leadership and Building State Capacity on June 5, 2009.
The intense debate in the Security Council over the US invasion of Iraq and the current crisis in Darfur highlights the need for the international community to rethink how it responds to emerging threats, challenges and change. Gareth Evans, a member of a high-level UN panel, discusses how the United Nations should be updated to confront 21st century challenges to international peace and security.
Iraq's progress toward democracy has been marred by violence, delays in reconstruction, and only intermittent nurturing of civil society. Despite these formidable obstacles, many Iraqis labor tirelessly for peace and stability. Among those strongly committed to a stable Iraq are the country's women, who face an ongoing battle for political representation. In this report, available for download, read how women leaders in Iraq are ensuring their voices are heard.
On November 26 and 27, 2009, the Leadership Project hosted the first workshop of its renewed collaborative capacity building initiative in Liberia.
This report summarizes the key findings from a July 2010 conference held at the Woodrow Wilson Center and hosted by the Project on Leadership and Building State Capacity.