This summer, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission adopted new regulations requiring oil, gas, and mineral companies listed on U.S. stock exchanges to report payments to foreign governments. The aim of the effort is to reduce the kind of corruption and insecurity seen in places like Angola, Nigeria, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo – sometimes called the “resource curse.” But, argues Wilson Center scholar Jeff Colgan, it may also help reduce international conflict between more developed countries as well.
The Kennan Institute has selected Olga Litvin as the 2012-13 Robert H. Baraz Memorial Research Intern. The 2012-13 program year marks the 22nd year of the Kennan Institute’s Robert H. Baraz Memorial Research Internship Program. This program was established in 1991 in honor of the late Robert H. Baraz, longtime Director of the Office of Research and Analysis for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research of the U.S. Department of State. Each year, the Kennan Institute recognizes the Research Assistant who has provided the most outstanding level of service for the year.
One of the main obstacles to growth in Africa is the lack of intra-African trade and commerce. Africa Program Director Steven McDonald describes recent international efforts to encourage regional integration which he believes will accelerate economic growth, promote peace and stability, and support sustainable development goals.
In Rwanda, economic progress has come at the cost of democracy, with disenfranchisement especially high among youth, Wilson Center fellow Marc Sommers argues in a New York Times op-ed. President Paul Kagame’s virtual dictatorship may also be guilty of intimidating opposition politicians and journalists, Sommers says.
Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace played a major role in ending the nation’s 14-year civil war in 2003 and helped bring to power Liberia’s first female head of state, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. Olubanke King-Akerele, who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs under Johnson Sirleaf discusses her new book, her country and the special role that women play there.
The site of hundreds of armed conflicts in the past quarter century, the Horn of Africa has suffered from a single-minded policy focus that emphasizes short-term tactical objectives at the expense of an overarching strategic vision, Wilson Center expert Paul Williams argues. Author of the new report, "Horn of Africa: Webs of Conflict and Pathways to Peace," Williams believes the time is now for policymakers to reconsider long-term strategies of peace-building and conflict-resolution—measures, which, he says, can go further to root out the causes of violence.
The late Howard Wolpe, the Wilson Center's former Africa Program director, was remembered at a special memorial service that paid tribute to his career as a diplomat and legislator who fought for peace in Burundi and the end of apartheid in South Africa.
Book Preview: In "War and Conflict in Africa," GWU Scholar Skeptical That Natural Resources Play a Leading RoleNov 30, 2011
In "War and Conflict in Africa," Paul Williams evaluates which factors explain the frequency of conflict in Africa during the post-Cold War era and how the international community has tried to build peace and prevent future conflict.
Donations in Howard’s memory are welcome, but the family would prefer that you do not send flowers or gifts to them. Howard saw the apex of his life’s work embodied in the post-conflict peace building and reconciliation programs in Africa that he initiated at the Woodrow Wilson Center in 2002, and would want that legacy to continue.
It was a life-long love between Howard and Africa, on both sides. I worked closely with Howard in the 1980s during the fight to pass the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act and to move South Africa to a just future, helping put him in touch with South African leaders inside and outside the country.