It is with sorrow that the Brazil Institute and the Latin American Program of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars learned this morning about the tragic death of Dr. Zilda Arns Neumann in the devastating earthquake that hit Haiti on Tuesday. The sad news was confirmed by her brother, Paulo Evaristo Arns, the former cardinal of São Paulo, and by the Brazilian government. Dr. Arns was 75. "She died in the cause she has always believed," said Cardinal Arns in a statement. According to news reports, 14 Brazilian soldiers of the U.N. mission in Haiti are also among the dead.
The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars is pleased to announce that Professor Leslie Bethell has joined us as Senior Scholar attached to the Brazil Institute. His term will last from September 2009 until May 2012. Bethell is the Emeritus Professor of Latin American History and Honorary Research Fellow of the Institute for the Study of the Americas, University of London; Emeritus Fellow of St Antony's College, Oxford University; former Director of the University of Oxford Centre for Brazilian Studies; and Senior Research Associate, Centro de Pesquisa e Documentação de História Contemporânea do Brasil, Fundação Getulio Vargas, Rio de Janeiro. He is also co-author and editor of the Cambridge History of Latin America. Bethell was a Public Policy Scholar in residence at the Wilson Center from December 2008 to February 2009.
The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars of the Smithsonian Institution will present the Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service to His Excellency Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, President of the Federative Republic of Brazil, at a dinner to be held on September 21, 2009, at the Waldorf-Astoria hotel in New York City. Rex W. Tillerson, chairman and CEO of Exxon Mobil and Eike F. Batista, chairman and CEO of the Brazilian EBX Group will serve as the dinner co-chairs for this prestigious event. "President Lula personifies the attributes we seek to honor at the Woodrow Wilson Center. He is a political leader who contributed decisively to bringing about the end of military rule and reopening the road to democracy in his country. This award is a tribute to a statesman who has strengthened Brazil immensely domestically and elevated its global standing," said Lee H. Hamilton, president and director of the Woodrow Wilson Center.
Mato Grosso means thick forests, and the name was once apt. But today, this Brazilian state is a global epicenter of deforestation. Driven by profits derived from fertile soil, the region's dense forests have been aggressively cleared over the past decade, and Mato Grasso is now Brazil's leading producer of soy, corn and cattle, exported across the globe by multinational companies.
During her lifetime, Lispector, a catlike blond beauty with movie-star magnetism and an indefinably foreign accent, enjoyed an enormous succès d'estime in Brazil. Her fiction, which combines jewel-like language, deadpan humor, philosophical profundity and an almost psychotically lucid understanding of the human condition, was lauded for having introduced European modernism to a national literature felt to be pretty parochial.
The Brazil Institute is hiring a Program Assistant. The Assistant will work as the principal administrative support and research assistant to the Director of the Brazil Institute.
We are pleased to announce this year's group of winners of the 2009 Woodrow Wilson Center-Washington Post Fellowship for Latin American Journalists. The fellowship provides an opportunity to conduct three weeks of reporting concerning hemispheric relations on an issue of importance to journalists' home countries, and works as an immersion program in the political culture of the U.S. capital.
Cattle ranching has become the biggest environmental challenge for Brazil's Mato Grosso state, which has launched a "cattle moratorium" to combat Amazon destruction, the state's governor said on Tuesday.Mato Grosso is calling on meatpackers to stop buying cattle raised in newly cleared areas of the world's largest rain forest. Environmental activists have cited ranching as a prime driver of Amazon degradation.
Brazil has the clout and credibility to assert itself as a leading voice in world climate talks to help ensure the success of any new treaty aimed at reducing global warming, the top U.S. environmental diplomat said on Thursday.Already a pioneer in clean energy and the use of biofuels such as cane-based ethanol, Brazil could cement its pro-environment credentials if it succeeds in slowing the destruction of the Amazon rain forest, U.S. climate change envoy Todd Stern said after a three-day visit to the South American nation.
Soy, biofuels, all the other commodities you may have heard linked to Amazon deforestation — they are as nothing compared to beef. There are good reasons why ranching thrives in the Amazon: land is free or cheap in most of it, cattle need minimal care, and they can walk to market.