As Canada wraps up its Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the EU, it remains deeply involved in another very ambitious multilateral negotiation: the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP). Canada became an observer to the TPP negotiations in 2010, but did not become a full member until 2012 because New Zealand, one of the founders of the TPP negotiations, and the United States held up Canada’s request due to concerns about Canada’s supply management of dairy, poultry, and eggs, as well as the longstanding U.S. complaint about Canada’s lack of protection for intellectual property rights. So when Canada and Mexico announced they would like to join the TPP negotiations, trade observers asked out loud if Canada would be willing to disband its supply management. Accession to the negotiations meant accepting the rules at the time of accession, and New Zealand, having liberalized its dairy industry over the last decade or so, was not about to give Canada a pass on supply management.
Tensions over security, access, and environmental impacts in the Arctic are rising. While members of the Arctic Council (Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, the United States) assert their established rights under new circumstances, an increasing number of non-Arctic states (including China, Korea, Japan, and Singapore) seek an active role in the region. In this video series, "Who Owns the Arctic?" an international panel of experts describes why one of the world’s coldest environments is becoming a hot topic.
"In addition to touting the benefits of the Keystone XL pipeline, Canadians should do more to talk up the benefits of their hydropower potential," writes Andrew Finn.
Why do United States and Canada—while so close and seemingly so similar—remain different in so many ways? A new volume titled Canada and the United States: Differences that Count, edited by Canada Institute Director David N. Biette and David M. Thomas, looks at the similarities and differences between the two countries to help us learn from one another's experiences.
The Arctic is a nearly pristine environment containing vast resources that are attracting a growing number of non-Arctic nations. And questions about the changing nature of the region present challenges to our understanding of how to best approach a fragile ecosystem. Are the questions and challenges surrounding the Arctic regional or global in nature. Willy Østreng shares his thoughts during the final installment of our series, “Who Owns The Arctic?”
The United States will soon begin a term chairing The Arctic Council. Will it make the Arctic a priority and does the U.S. have a clear strategy for the region? Heather Conley discusses the view from the US in part 6 of the CONTEXT series, “Who Owns The Arctic?”
In part 5 of our series on the Arctic, Russia expert, Marlene Laruelle, shares her thoughts on Russia’s leading role as an Arctic nation and how it might react to a China-US partnership in the region.
In part 4 of our series, Anne-Marie Brady provides insight into China’s goals for the region and possibilities for Chinese collaboration with the United States.
Are there adequate rules and governing bodies in place to sort out current and anticipated disputes in the Arctic region? That’s the focus of part 3 of our series, “Who Owns The Arctic?” Rob Huebert shares his thoughts on the jurisdictional questions surrounding the earth’s northern pole.
In part 2 of our series “Who Owns The Arctic?”, Aki Tonami discusses the prospects for protecting the environment and creating sustainable development as more and more countries turn their attention to the North Pole.