On 21 August, Turkey's Prime Minister and President-elect Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced the AK Party executive board's decision nominate Ahment Davutoğlu to succeed him as the leader of the party. In a few days, we will see Davutoğlu chosen as the leader of AK Party and the Prime Minister, but it will be a matter of time before his performance in this post can be assessed. In this piece, Global Fellow Bülent Aras reflects on Davutoğlu's rise to prominence in Turkish politics.
The August 10, 2014, presidential election in Turkey marks the first time voters will be able to directly elect their president. Current Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who has held power since 2002, is one of several candidates. Many factors will shape the outcome of the elections: domestic problems such as the economy, infrastructure, and corruption, as well as external issues, such as energy transit and the crisis in Syria. In this policy brief, Global Europe Program Global Fellow Bülent Aras, along with Yasin Duman, explores one of the most important factors: the “Kurdish Question.” Will the new president continue Erdoğan’s work of moving towards a resolution to the protracted conflict? What would such a resolution entail?
In the midst of anti-government protests and civil unrest that swept throughout Turkey in summer of 2013, former Wilson Center Scholar Susan C. Pearce witnessed first-hand a major milestone in Turkey’s LGBT community as estimates of 100,000 people gathered for the annual Istanbul LGBT pride parade.
Tensions over security, access, and environmental impacts in the Arctic are rising. While members of the Arctic Council (Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, the United States) assert their established rights under new circumstances, an increasing number of non-Arctic states (including China, Korea, Japan, and Singapore) seek an active role in the region. In this video series, "Who Owns the Arctic?" an international panel of experts describes why one of the world’s coldest environments is becoming a hot topic.
The Arctic is a nearly pristine environment containing vast resources that are attracting a growing number of non-Arctic nations. And questions about the changing nature of the region present challenges to our understanding of how to best approach a fragile ecosystem. Are the questions and challenges surrounding the Arctic regional or global in nature. Willy Østreng shares his thoughts during the final installment of our series, “Who Owns The Arctic?”
The United States will soon begin a term chairing The Arctic Council. Will it make the Arctic a priority and does the U.S. have a clear strategy for the region? Heather Conley discusses the view from the US in part 6 of the CONTEXT series, “Who Owns The Arctic?”
The conflict between Russia and Ukraine has resulted in much discussion of European Security and whether or not current arrangements and resources are adequate to deter threats. While much of the discussion has focused on NATO, former President of Finland, Martti Ahtissari, spoke to us about a more holistic view of how security is achieved and maintained.
On May 5, 2014, the Wilson Center’s Global Europe Program hosted its annual Ahtisaari Symposium. This year’s expert panel addressed “The New Geopolitics of European Security.” Panelists discussed the transatlantic focus on energy security in the wake of the crisis with Ukraine and Russia including options for alternative sources of energy to decrease Europe’s dependence. The full transcript of the panel is available below.
In part 5 of our series on the Arctic, Russia expert, Marlene Laruelle, shares her thoughts on Russia’s leading role as an Arctic nation and how it might react to a China-US partnership in the region.
In part 4 of our series, Anne-Marie Brady provides insight into China’s goals for the region and possibilities for Chinese collaboration with the United States.