Dalia Ziada is an award-winning human rights activist and the executive director of the Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies in Cairo, Egypt. She analyzed the ouster of the Islamists in the following interview.
In stark contrast to the euphoria after elections two years ago, Islamist political parties across the Middle East now face escalating challenges to their rule. The main drama is playing out in Egypt between the army and the Muslim Brotherhood. But Islamist parties in Tunisia, Libya are also under pressure from emboldened opposition movements.
Hamas and Hezbollah have had a dramatic break-up after the Syrian conflict erupted in 2011. Part of the break-up is due to sectarian differences; another part is due to rival regional alliances. For the wider Middle East, the Hamas-Hezbollah split is a dangerous microcosm of a growing trend.
Tunisians' confidence in their Islamist-led government evaporated in the last year, dropping to 32 percent in May 2013 from 56 percent in March 2012.Citizens' trust in their government showed signs of major erosion in late 2012 and has not recovered.
On August 7, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and E.U. High Representative Lady Catherine Ashton urged Egypt's government and opposition parties to begin a process of "genuine reconciliation" and to quickly prepare for parliamentary and presidential elections.
The political divide between supporters and opponents of ousted President Mohamed Morsi has dramatically widened as violence has risen, according to a new International Crisis Group Report. Bloodshed has deeply entrenched the two camps against each other, making political compromise more difficult. Negotiations may be particularly difficult because neither side is monolithic.
The rise of Islamist political parties has arguably impacted women more than any other sector of society. But women from four Arab countries had diverse reactions to military coup against the Muslim Brotherhood government in Egypt on July 3.
A few weeks before massive protests and a government decree ended Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi's presidency, 29% of Egyptians expressed confidence in their national government -- the lowest level Gallup has measured since Egypt's revolution began in 2011.
The European Union designated the "military" wing of Hezbollah as a terrorist organization, inviting strong reaction from Hezbolla describing it as a "legal cover for Israel to attack" Lebanon. The party is using the decision to intimidate UNIFIL forces in South Lebanon through the use of its local elected officials and the population.
The Emir of Qatar abdicated in favor his 33-year-old-son on June 25, 2013. Six female leaders from four Arab countries — Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan and Syria — were asked how the power transfer to Tamim bin Hamad al Thani could impact the region.