On Monday August 11, Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto enacted the secondary legislation of the energy reform, composed of 9 new laws and amendments to 12 existing ones. With this action, a new chapter in the economic development of Mexico begins in which the private sector will be allowed to invest in various areas related to the exploration for and exploitation of natural resources such as oil and gas.
Read two articles and a timeline about Mexico's Energy Reform. First, a piece written by Jesús Reyes Heroles on energy reform and democracy. Second, Pedro Valenzuela and Duncan Wood assess the energy reform and its process following the enactment of the secondary legislation.
Despite its technical complexity and the political differences associated with the energy reform, the process that has been carried out to materialize it is unprecedented in Mexico. The constitutional reform, absolutely necessary to detonate real and profound change, achieved its goal, but it unfortunately left pending the “pulling out” of Pemex and the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) from the Expenditure Budget of the Federation (PEF), which would have taken away the regulatory and normative straightjacket that represents a competitive disadvantage.
Mexico Ascendant: How to Grow Cross-Border Trade, is one of several conferences in The Economist’s "Trade Horizons" series and will examine how US companies can best leverage the $507 billion import-export market with Mexico.
President Barack Obama has said that the huge number of unaccompanied children who are coming to the United States from Central America represents an urgent humanitarian situation. He is right; the suffering of tens of thousands of children is unthinkable. The humanitarian crisis that President Obama refers to is, however, only the tip of the iceberg of what has been happening in this corridor of intense migration - Central America (Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador), Mexico and the United States - over the past two decades.
"It is important to note that adding more boots on the ground would do little or nothing to stem the flow of children across the border. The real solutions lie in addressing the push factors in the source countries," writes Christopher Wilson and Eric Olson.
Director Jane Harman discusses the escalating violence between Israel and the Palestinians and the immigration crisis on CBS News' Talk of the Nation with Gerald Seib, Danielle Pletka, and Nia-Malika Henderson.
In addition to the well-touted economic reforms passed recently, this year Mexico approved a political reform package that, among other things, includes new measures aimed to ensure the greater participation of women in politics. The law now requires gender parity, which means that at least fifty percent of the candidates fielded by a political party in either federal or state legislative elections must be female. This begs the question as to whether there are enough women in the ranks to step up to the plate.
"The so-called surge of unaccompanied children is really a trend that has been growing over the last few years and is the result of an accumulating set of factors that show no signs of improving, and that are independent from the messages high level U.S. officials want to send," writes Eric Olson.
Associate Director Eric L. Olson discusses Mexico's approach to security along their southern border.