2014 was not a good one for women in the Middle East. Political turmoil, civil war, the rise of Islamic State, clampdowns by autocratic governments, and the ineffectiveness of reformist governments all contributed to unfavorable, even worsening, conditions for women, writes Haleh Esfandiari.
"After four years of the phenomenon once optimistically dubbed the Arab Spring, the changes that have roiled those lands seem to have validated Robert Penn Warren’s quip that history, like nature, rarely jumps–and when it does, it usually jumps backward," writes Aaron David Miller.
"As I looked through annual rundowns of the Big Stories of 2014, I found three types of conflicts that were not on many lists but should be. Each, for different reasons, represents a trend worth paying attention to," writes Robin Wright.
Here are five reasons positive change could come to the Middle East in 2015 according to Aaron David Miller.
"President Barack Obama‘s announcement last week that the United States and Cuba would restore diplomatic relations has spurred some to suggest that relations should be restored with Iran after a 35-year rupture...For a number of reasons, Iran is not next in line, even if there is a positive outcome to the negotiations over Tehran’s nuclear program." writes Haleh Esfandiari.
Retired USMC General John Allen, who now serves as Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition to Counter ISIL, recently visited the Wilson Center to discuss challenges and strategy with Wilson Center President, Jane Harman. Their discussion provides the focus for this edition of REWIND.
"The differences between Cuba and Iran abound. But take notice. U.S. President Barack Obama’s Cuba initiative should be a clear sign of where he might like to go with Iran on the nuclear issue in coming months," writes Aaron David Miller.
"Iranian President Hasan Rouhani seems to have reached the end of his tether with hard-liners who oppose and obstruct his agenda," writes Haleh Esfandiari.
The political climate in Egypt, a country that accounts for one-quarter of the Arab world’s population, has become increasingly inhospitable to public debate or criticism. What is Egypt afraid of?
The Middle East Program produced 24 publications and 63 meetings and events.
May 27, 2015 // 2:30pm — 4:30pm
June 02, 2015 // 12:00pm — 1:00pm
June 03, 2015 // 12:00pm — 1:00pm
Experts & Staff
- Haleh Esfandiari // Director, Middle East Program
- Kendra Heideman // Program Associate
- Julia Romano // Program Assistant
- Ismail Alexandrani // Visiting Arab Journalist
- Ghasaq Basel Abd Al-Raheem //
- Mohammed Al-Shami //
- Margot Badran // Senior Scholar
- Laura Blumenfeld // Public Policy Fellow
- Jason Brodsky // Policy Advisor to the Director, President and CEO and Research Associate
- Jeffrey Goldberg // Distinguished Fellow
- Roya Hakakian // Fellow
- Lilia Labidi // Fellow
- Aaron David Miller // Vice President for New Initiatives and Distinguished Scholar
- William Green Miller // Senior Scholar
- Amal Mudallali // Senior Scholar
- David Ottaway // Senior Scholar
- Marina Ottaway // Senior Scholar
- Max Rodenbeck // Fellow
- Joseph Sassoon // Fellow
- Abdulkader Sinno // Fellow
- Samir Sumaida’ie // Public Policy Scholar
- Robert Worth // Public Policy Scholar
- Robin Wright // USIP-Wilson Center Distinguished Scholar