Conference Reports

Issues in this Series

The Administration of President Mauricio Funes: A One Year Assessment

Cynthia J. Arnson, Adam Drolet, Hugo Martínez, Jim McGovern, Cristina Eguizábal, Ricardo Córdova Macías, Federico Hernández, José Miguel Cruz, William Pleitéz , and Luis Membreño
Stemming from a conference held in June 2008, this report provides a spectrum of opinions on the successes and challenges faced by El Salvador's President Mauricio Funes in his first year in office.

China, Latin America, and the United States: The New Triangle

Cynthia J. Arnson and Jeffrey Davidow
This report explores the impact of China's growth on particular countries and on the region as a whole, the degree of partnership or competition with China, and the benefits as well as disadvantages of greater economic engagement between China and countries of the Western Hemisphere.

An Analysis of Trends: Latin America and the Caribbean Economic Growth and the Environment, 2010–2020

Christine Pendzich and Eric L. Olson
As a foundation for improving the programmingof development assistance to the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) recently partnered with the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars to identify and analyze key challenges and opportunities for development assistance in the LAC region through 2020. This paper summarizes the key trends identified and proposes some general lines of action for USAID's Missions in the region.Also available in Portuguese and Spanish.For the news digest on the report seminar, visit Emerging Trends in Environment and Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean .

Brazil as a Regional Power: Views from the Hemisphere

Cynthia J. Arnson, Paulo Sotero, and Daniel Budny
This report, based on a conference organized by the Latin American Program and the Brazil Institute, summarizes the multiple and complex perceptions held by Brazilians as well as a host of other countries in the region regarding Brazil's "emergence" as a regional and global power.

The United States and Cuba: Implications of an Economic Relationship

José Raúl Perales
This report is set largely in the context of H.R. 4645, The Travel Restriction Reform and Export Enhancement Act, and presents an analysis of the potential impacts of engagement and changed bilateral policy between the US and Cuba, as well as specific insight on legal and labor issues at stake in the relationship.

Caught in a Global Hurricane: Debating the Caribbean's Development Challenges in an Uncertain World

José Raúl Perales, Benjamin T. Osborne, Kevin Casas-Zamora, Maryse Robert, and David E. Lewis
A report from a March 2009 conference that discussed four topics: Trade and Financial Development, Climate Change and Natural Disasters, Security Issues for the Caribbean, and U.S.-Cuba-CARICOM Relations.

The Political Economy of Uruguayan International Insertion

José Raúl Perales
This report explores policy choices and constraints Uruguay's policy makers are confronting. Policy options such as a free trade agreement with the United States, reforms to the MERCOSUR customs union, and other trade alternatives are debated. In addition, experts analyze consequences of Uruguayan trade policy choices.

The Outlook for Energy Reform in Latin America

Duncan Wood
In July of 2009, four experts from the region convened to talk about their perspectives on the potential for reform in four leading oil producing nations: Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela. This paper provides a summary of the event, and in doing so evaluates the current climate for significant reform in these four Latin American nations.

Peace Initiatives and Colombia's Armed Conflict

Cynthia J. Arnson and María Victoria Llorente
This report is a result of an April 3, 2008 conference co-sponsored with Bogotá's Fundación Ideas para la Paz to assess the state of peace initiatives with the FARC, ELN, and paramilitary groups.

La economía política de la inserción internacional del Uruguay

José Raúl Perales
This report reviews three panels that discussed Uruguay on topics such as MERCOSUR, free trade with the United States and other countries, and the economic opportunity for Uruguay.

Engaging Cuba: Policy Options for the United States, Europe, and the Western Hemisphere

José Raúl Perales
This report summarizes the proceedings of an international conference held at the Woodrow Wilson Center that explored policy approaches to Cuba by the European Union, Canada, the United States, and Latin America.

Conflicto armado e iniciativas de paz en Colombia

Cynthia J. Arnson and María Victoria Llorente
Este documento es el resultado de la conferencia que ocurrió en el 3 de abril de 2008, patrocinado con la Fundación Ideas para la Paz, para hacer un balance del estado de las iniciativas de paz en curso tanto con las FARC y el ELN, como con los grupos paramilitares en Colombia.

Energy and Development in South America: Conflict and Cooperation

Cynthia J. Arnson, Jessica Varat, Francisco Rojas Aravena, and Claudio Fuentes
In November 2007, experts on energy convened to discuss the role of energy resources as an instrument of cooperation or conflict in South America. The report explores the effects of the political and economic policy decisions of important energy producers on other energy-dependent, Latin American states.

Strategies for Promoting Gender Equity in Developing Countries

Elizabeth Bryan and Jessica Varat
This Conference Report examines strategies for promoting gender equity in development. It draws upon experts to analyze individual cases from throughout the developing world. The report also aims to identify policy options for enhancing gender equity and suggests ways of rethinking current debates over the inclusion of women.

Enter the Dragon? China's Presence in Latin America

Cynthia J. Arnson, Mark Mohr, Riordan Roett, and Jessica Varat
This report examines China's presence in Latin America from the perspectives of both regions. It pays special attention to the nature of the economic and geopolitical relationship, and how the U.S. should respond to China's growing presence in its own "backyard."

Legal Standards and the Interrogation of Prisoners in the War on Terror

Cynthia J. Arnson, Philippa Strum, and Adam Stubits
The following is a Conference Report of an event on the treatment of detainees in the context of the U.S. global War on Terror held in June 2007 at the Woodrow Wilson Center.

Human Rights in the International System

Tamara Taraciuk and Meg Ruthenburg
The Latin American Program organized the conference "Human Rights in the International System: Enforcing Global Governance" to study the current role of human rights in the international system, and the use of human rights as a foreign policy strategy. This publication is the report from this conference.

Peace and Security in Colombia

Gary Bland
This report is a result of a conference held at the Wilson Center on June 20, 2002 to explore the economic, security, and political dimensions of conflict resolution in Colombia.

The Economics of War: The Intersection of Need, Creed, and Greed

Jake Sherman
This conference report of a September 10, 2001 conference on "The Economics of War" explores greed and grievance as sources of conflict.

Health Sector Reform in Costa Rica: Reinforcing a Public System

Mary A. Clark
This paper explores the political processes of health sector reform in Costa Rica.

Empowering Parents While Making Them Pay: Autonomous Schools and Education Reform Processes in Nicaragua

Alec Ian Gershberg
This paper explores the school reform process in the Nicaraguan Autonomous Schools Program.

Interests, Institutions, and Reformers: The Politics of Education Decentralization in Mexico

Merilee Grindle
This paper uses Mexico as a case for exploring the introduction of education reform in a hostile political environment.

Education Reform in Colombia: The Elusive Quest for Effectiveness

Pamela Lowden
This paper explores the evolving context of education reform in Colombia.

Brasil en América del Sur: ¿liderazgo o hegemonía?

This bulletin presents a summary of a meeting held on November 27, 2007 in Buenos Aires, Argentina to discuss Brazil's changing role in South America. This publication is only available in Spanish.

Nuevos retos de la integración en América Latina y el Caribe

Rut Diamint, Carlos Romero, Edgardo Lander, Manuel Carbonell, Raul Benitez-Manaut, Socorro Ramírez, and Elsa Cardozo
Summary of a meeting held in the Caracas, Venezuela on May 7-8, 2007 to promote discussion about the challenges to regional integration.

Límites y desafíos de la agenda de seguridad hemisférica

Loreta Tellería and Rut Diamint
The goal of this publication is to contribute to the consolidation of democratic defense and promote regional integration towards a unified world. Topics include security and foreign policy in the Andes and the Americas, security setbacks and challenges, drug trafficking and hemispheric security, and new perspectives on drug trafficking in Bolivia.

The 'New Left' and Democratic Governance in Latin America

Cynthia J. Arnson and José Raúl Perales
Based on presentations at a November 2006 workshop, this publication explores political trends and policy outcomes in eight countries and aims to understand why so many governments of the Left have come to power in Latin America at this moment in history and explores the impact of specific policies in the areas of social welfare, citizen participation, human rights, and foreign relations.

Relaciones Bilaterales: Argentina-E.E.U.U.: Perspectiva Historica y Futuros Desafios

Este trabajo presenta una reseña de una conferencia destinada a analizar la conflictiva relación entre Estados Unidos y Argentina en un momento signado por el foco de la política exterior estadounidense en su "guerra contra el terrorismo".

The Road to Elections 2003: Argentina's Economic Future

This publication presents a summary of a conference on the economic future of Argentina.

Argentina's Social Default

This publication is a report on a conference with panels on "Public Policy Choices to Address Poverty and Inequality" and "The Role of NGOs in Poverty Alleviation in Argentina."

Políticas de Defensa: Desafíos Externos y Restricciones Internas

This report discussed the debate about the systems of defense in the region at the conference held on September 26, 2002 in Buenos Aires as part of the project "Creating Community in the Americas."

Políticas de Defensa: Desafíos Externos y Restricciones Internas

Tamara Taraciuk
This report provides a summary of a conference held in Buenos Aires on September 26, 2002 which discussed possible courses of action for implementing policy that favors legality, constitutionality, respect for human rights, and respect for democracy.

The Outlook for Energy Reform in Latin America

Duncan Wood
In July of 2009, four experts from the region convened to talk about their perspectives on the potential for reform in four leading oil producing nations: Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela. This paper provides a summary of the event, and in doing so evaluates the current climate for significant reform in these four Latin American nations.

Poverty, Inequality and the New Left in Latin America

Nora Lustig
This is a research paper commissioned for the conference, by Argentine economist Nora Lustig, who provides an overview of trends in poverty and inequality throughout Latin America, comparing left and non-left governments, as well as left governments and their non-leftist predecessors in their own countries.

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