Foreign Policy and International Relations

As Latin American countries find new options for political and economic insertion in a globalized world, patterns of international relations and U.S.-Latin American relations are changing. The Program is particularly focused on understanding of the region’s new commercial and political relationships with China, India, and other Asian countries.

Issues in this Series

China, Latin America, and the United States: The New Triangle

Cynthia J. Arnson and Jeffrey Davidow
This report explores the impact of China's growth on particular countries and on the region as a whole, the degree of partnership or competition with China, and the benefits as well as disadvantages of greater economic engagement between China and countries of the Western Hemisphere.

A New Trade Policy for the United States: Lessons from Latin America

Mario Arana, Kevin P. Gallagher, Paolo Giordano, Anabel Gonzalez, Stephen Lande, Isabel Studer, and José Raúl Perales
The papers contained in this report address some of the most important questions regarding FTAs and U.S. trade policy. The authors make recommendations regarding issues of labor, environment, poverty reduction, trade competitiveness and economic development.

The United States and Cuba: Implications of an Economic Relationship

José Raúl Perales
This report is set largely in the context of H.R. 4645, The Travel Restriction Reform and Export Enhancement Act, and presents an analysis of the potential impacts of engagement and changed bilateral policy between the US and Cuba, as well as specific insight on legal and labor issues at stake in the relationship.

La economía política del tratado de libre comercio entre Perú y Estados Unidos

José Raúl Perales and Eduardo Morón
This publication explores the significance of the implementation of the US-Peru free trade agreement for the Peruvian political economy. The work is a result of an August 29 and 30, 2008 conference in Lima, co-sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson Center's Latin American Program and the Centro de Investigaciones de la Universidad del Pacífico.

Engaging Cuba: Policy Options for the United States, Europe, and the Western Hemisphere

José Raúl Perales
This report summarizes the proceedings of an international conference held at the Woodrow Wilson Center that explored policy approaches to Cuba by the European Union, Canada, the United States, and Latin America.

Iran in Latin America: Threat or 'Axis of Annoyance'?

Cynthia J. Arnson, Haleh Esfandiari, and Adam Stubits
The essays in this report reflect an effort to provide background and context for understanding Iran's relations with Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Nicaragua, and Venezuela; the articles emphasize the foreign policy objectives and strategies of Latin American nations as well as the strategic objectives of the Iranian government. Originally presented at a conference at the Woodrow Wilson Center in July 2008, the papers have since been revised, translated, and updated.

Cuba and its Neighbors: The Challenges of Change

José Raúl Perales
In the aftermath of Raúl Castro's rise to power, this conference examined the recent evolution of key areas of Cuba's international agenda - hemispheric relations, tourism, foreign investment and economy, energy, and security. Conference experts explained the challenges confronting Cuba as it seeks a better international economic and political insertion.

Brasil en América del Sur: ¿liderazgo o hegemonía?

This bulletin presents a summary of a meeting held on November 27, 2007 in Buenos Aires, Argentina to discuss Brazil's changing role in South America. This publication is only available in Spanish.

Enter the Dragon? China's Presence in Latin America

Cynthia J. Arnson, Mark Mohr, Riordan Roett, and Jessica Varat
This report examines China's presence in Latin America from the perspectives of both regions. It pays special attention to the nature of the economic and geopolitical relationship, and how the U.S. should respond to China's growing presence in its own "backyard."

Legal Standards and the Interrogation of Prisoners in the War on Terror

Cynthia J. Arnson, Philippa Strum, and Adam Stubits
The following is a Conference Report of an event on the treatment of detainees in the context of the U.S. global War on Terror held in June 2007 at the Woodrow Wilson Center.

Aprendizaje entre vecinos: Fuentes de desacuerdo y perspectivas de cooperación entre los países andinos

Arlene B. Tickner
This bulletin summarizes a meeting held in the Bogotá, Colombia on May 3, 2007 which discussed the security crisis in the Andes and possibilities for its resolution.

Nuevos retos de la integración en América Latina y el Caribe

Rut Diamint, Carlos Romero, Edgardo Lander, Manuel Carbonell, Raul Benitez-Manaut, Socorro Ramírez, and Elsa Cardozo
Summary of a meeting held in the Caracas, Venezuela on May 7-8, 2007 to promote discussion about the challenges to regional integration.

Latin America and the United States: The Future of the Relationship

Cynthia J. Arnson, Carolyn M. Gretzinger, and Dolia Estévez
This report explores key issues in the U.S.-Latin American relationship in the context of recent political and economic changes in the region. It is based on a conference cosponsored by the Latin American Program of the Wilson Center, the Council of the Americas, and the Council of American Ambassadors.

Homeland Security and the Bilateral Relationship Between Argentina and the United States

This bulletin summarizes a meeting in September 2005 that discussed Argentina’s response to the United States’ new foreign policy agenda as well as the current state of bilateral counterterrorism cooperation.

Reform of the United Nations Security Council and the Role of Latin America

This bulletin summarizes a public meeting in Washington, DC on April 18, 2005 which was held to discuss potential reforms to the United Nations Security Council and the implications for Latin America.

La agenda de seguridad en Centroamérica

Orlando J. Pérez
This publication provides a summary of a workshop held in San Salvador, El Salvador on July 14-15, 2005 that analyzed security and defense reforms and identified central themes in Central America's security agenda. (in Spanish)

The Peace Process in Colombia with the ELN: The Role of Mexico

Cynthia J. Arnson
The Mexican facilitator in the ELN peace talks, Ambassador Andrés Valencia, spoke at an off-the-record session on June 21, 2005. This document constitutes Ambassador Valencia's account of the attempt to arrange a meeting between ELN military leaders and the Mexican facilitating team, an attempt that ended in failure.

TALLER DE REFLEXIÓN: Diplomacia Subregional: Cooperación y Seguridad en América del Sur

Melina Ginszparg
This publication summarizes a workshop held in Buenos Aires on June 6, 2005 to discuss creating a security community through the cooperation of public and private sectors. (in Spanish)

Diplomacia Subregional: Cooperación y Seguridad en América del Sur

Melina Ginszparg
This bulletin presents a summary of a session held in Buenos Aires in June 2005 in which Minister of Defense José B. Pampuro and other diplomats and officials discussed security sector reform in the Southern Cone and Mercosur. (in Spanish)

Percepciones Hemisfericas sobre la Crisis Colombiana

Rut Diamint and Arlene B. Tickner
En este trabajo se presenta una reseña de una conferencia de octubre de 2004 que analizó cómo los países de la región interpretan la crisis colombiana en términos de su propia seguridad y de la seguridad hemisférica.

Human Rights in the International System

Tamara Taraciuk and Meg Ruthenburg
The Latin American Program organized the conference "Human Rights in the International System: Enforcing Global Governance" to study the current role of human rights in the international system, and the use of human rights as a foreign policy strategy. This publication is the report from this conference.

Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective: Africa, Asia, and Latin America

Philip Oxhorn, Joseph S. Tulchin, and Andrew Selee
This book studies the relation of decentralization to democratization at both intermediate and local levels and analyzes how decentralization is transforming the relationship between the state and civil society. The publication presents case studies from six countries in three continents.

Argentina-US Bilateral Relations: Past and Present

Cynthia J. Arnson and Tamara Taraciuk
On December 4, 2003, the Latin American Program and the Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales co-sponsored a second conference on "Argentina-United States Bilateral Relations: An Historical Perspective and Future Challenges," held at the University of Buenos Aires in Argentina. This book contains an edited version of the panelists' presentations.

La seguridad hemisférica: Una mirada desde el sur de las Américas

Giselle Cohen and Rut Diamint
En este trabajo se presenta una reseña de una reunión en octubre de 2003 que buscó exponer las posiciones sobre la seguridad hemisférica de Argentina, Brasil y Chile, comparar los argumentos con expertos de Estados Unidos, México y Canadá, y plantear las prioridades de cada país hacia el futuro.

Argentina-United States Bilateral Relations: An Historical Perspective and Future Challenges

Cynthia J. Arnson
On March 5, 2003, the Latin American Program and the Cold War International History Project held a conference on "Argentina-United States Bilateral Relations: An Historical Perspective and Future Challenges." This book contains an edited version of the panelists presentations.

Relaciones Bilaterales: Argentina-E.E.U.U.: Perspectiva Historica y Futuros Desafios

Este trabajo presenta una reseña de una conferencia destinada a analizar la conflictiva relación entre Estados Unidos y Argentina en un momento signado por el foco de la política exterior estadounidense en su "guerra contra el terrorismo".

Políticas de Defensa: Desafíos Externos y Restricciones Internas

Tamara Taraciuk
This report provides a summary of a conference held in Buenos Aires on September 26, 2002 which discussed possible courses of action for implementing policy that favors legality, constitutionality, respect for human rights, and respect for democracy.

Hemispheric Collective Security in the Post Cold War Era

Joseph Tulchin, Jesús M. Rodés, and Salvador Martí Puig
The papers in this work result from the seminar "New Security Issues in Latin America" in October 2001. They explore the challenges facing Latin America in the post-Cold War era and address the need for the U.S. to overcome the temptation of unilateralism.

Arms Control and Limitation in Latin America: An Elusive Goal

Francisco Rojas Aravena
This paper analyzes the main variables that affect the control of arms in Latin America.

Terrorism and the Triple Frontier

Heather Golding
This report summarizes a conference held in January 2002 to discuss the allegations that the "Triple Frontier" area supports criminal activities such as drug and arms trafficking and harbored the terrorists responsible for the Jewish Community Center bombing in Buenos Aires in 1994.

Challenges to Creating Community in the Americas

Heather Golding
This report summarizes a working group held on September 5, 2001 to examine the sources of insecurity in the Americas and how those sources lead to conflict.

Latin America in the New International System

Joseph S. Tulchin and Ralph H. Espach
Placing Latin America in the context of debates on economic globalization and the dramatically changing nature of the international system, this volume bridges discussions of the region and broader world politics, advancing critical insights from within the region together with reflections from a global perspective.

The Politics of Education Sector Reforms: Cross-National Comparisons

Robert Kaufman and Joan M. Nelson
This report summarizes findings on education sector reforms from case studies of reform efforts in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Venezuela.

The Politics of Health Sector Reforms: Cross-National Comparisons

Robert Kaufman and Joan M. Nelson
This bulletin summarizes findings on health sector reform from case studies on reform efforts during the 1990s in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru.

U.S. Drug Certification and the Search for a Multilateral Alternative

Heather Golding
This bulletin summarizes a conference held on April 5, 2001 that discussed the utility of certification as a tool in the effort to reduce the flow of illegal narcotics and to evaluate the effect that drug certification has had on relations with other nations.

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