Peace Processes

The resolution of armed conflict through a peace process has been a focus of the Program’s work and continues to be an important area of study for understanding post-conflict democratic transitions and efforts in consolidation.

Issues in this Series

In the Wake of War: Democratization and Internal Armed Conflict in Latin America

Cynthia J. Arnson
In the Wake of War assesses the consequences of civil war for democratization in Latin America, focusing on questions of state capacity. Contributors focus on seven countries—Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Peru—where state weakness fostered conflict and the task of state reconstruction presents multiple challenges.

Conflicto armado e iniciativas de paz en Colombia

Cynthia J. Arnson and María Victoria Llorente
Este documento es el resultado de la conferencia que ocurrió en el 3 de abril de 2008, patrocinado con la Fundación Ideas para la Paz, para hacer un balance del estado de las iniciativas de paz en curso tanto con las FARC y el ELN, como con los grupos paramilitares en Colombia.

Peace Initiatives and Colombia's Armed Conflict

Cynthia J. Arnson and María Victoria Llorente
This report is a result of an April 3, 2008 conference co-sponsored with Bogotá's Fundación Ideas para la Paz to assess the state of peace initiatives with the FARC, ELN, and paramilitary groups.

Reforma de las fuerzas armadas en América Latina y el impacto de las amenazas irregulares

Lilian Bobea, Carlos Basombrio, Raul Benitez-Manaut, Oscar Bonilla, Rut Diamint, Oswaldo Jarrin, Eliezer Rizzo de Oliveira, and Gabriel Aguilera Peralta
Regional experts address security sector reforms in light of the increasingly unconventional and transnational nature of the threats affecting Latin America.

Los procesos de paz en Colombia

Cynthia J. Arnson, Jaime Bermúdez, Padre Darío Echeverri, David E. Henifin, Alfredo Rangel Suárez, and León Valencia
Efforts to bring Colombia's long-running internal armed conflict to an end through political negotiations continued to face major obstacles in 2006. This document reviews the major events in the peace process between Colombia's three main paramilitary groups (the FARC, the ELN, and the AUC) and the Colombian government.

Latin America Special Report: Colombia's Peace Processes

Cynthia J. Arnson, Jaime Bermúdez, Padre Darío Echeverri, David E. Henifin, Alfredo Rangel Suárez, and León Valencia
Efforts to bring Colombia's long-running internal armed conflict to an end through political negotiations continued to face major obstacles in 2006. This document reviews the major events in the peace process between Colombia's three main paramilitary groups (the FARC, the ELN, and the AUC) and the Colombian government.

The Peace Process in Colombia with the ELN: The Role of Mexico

Cynthia J. Arnson
The Mexican facilitator in the ELN peace talks, Ambassador Andrés Valencia, spoke at an off-the-record session on June 21, 2005. This document constitutes Ambassador Valencia's account of the attempt to arrange a meeting between ELN military leaders and the Mexican facilitating team, an attempt that ended in failure.

The Peace Process in Colombia with the Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia-AUC

Cynthia J. Arnson
In July 2003, the government of President Álvaro Uribe took the unprecedented step of opening formal peace talks with the AUC. This publication is the collection of papers that resulted from a conference hosted by the Wilson Center to explore key issues in the Government-AUC peace talks, the prospects for an eventual negotiated settlement, and the key challenges ahead.

Peace and Security in Colombia

Gary Bland
This report is a result of a conference held at the Wilson Center on June 20, 2002 to explore the economic, security, and political dimensions of conflict resolution in Colombia.

El Salvador's Democratic Transition Ten Years After the Peace Accord

Cynthia J. Arnson
This report results from a 2002 conference held to evaluate the ten years following the accord between El Salvador's government and guerrillas of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front. The conference aimed to assess the nature of the democratic transition and related socio-economic developments in the post-war era.

Comparative Peace Processes in Latin America

Cynthia J. Arnson
Presenting a carefully structured comparative analysis of six Latin American countries that experienced guerilla warfare that outlasted the end of the cold war, this volume explores the unique constellation of national and international events that allowed some wars to end in negotiated settlement, one to end in virtual defeat of the insurgents, and others to rage on.

Experts & Staff