Wilson Center Reports on the Americas

Expert reports offer an in-depth analysis of key issues for the region.

Issues in this Series

CRIME AND VIOLENCE IN CENTRAL AMERICA’S NORTHERN TRIANGLE: How U.S. Policy Responses are Helping, Hurting, and Can be Improved

Cristina Eguizábal, Karise M. Curtis, Matthew C. Ingram, Aaron Korthuis , Eric L. Olson, and Nicholas Phillips
Wilson Center Report on the Americas #34

Reaching Across the Pacific: Latin America and Asia in the New Century

Jorge Heine, Cynthia J. Arnson, and Christine Zaino
This publication focuses on the rapidly expanding relations between Asian and Latin American countries, with chapters focusing on Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and the region at large.

One Goal, Two Struggles: Confronting Crime and Violence in Mexico and Colombia

María Victoria Llorente, Jeremy McDermott, Raul Benitez-Manaut, Marta Lucía Ramírez de Rincón, John Bailey, Cynthia J. Arnson, Eric L. Olson, and Christine Zaino
In this publication international experts address the utility of comparing Colombia and Mexico’s experiences and strategy for combatting organized crime and violence more generally.

The Criminal Diaspora: The Spread of Transnational Organized Crime and How to Contain its Expansion

Juan Carlos Garzón, Marianna Pacheco Olinger, Daniel Rico, and Gema Santamaría
This publication examines the multiple causes leading to the expansion and diffusion of organized crime across Latin America and globally.

¿QUE HEMOS HECHO?: Reflexiones sobre respuestas y políticas públicas frente al incremento de la violencia delincuencial en America Latina

Carlos Basombrio Iglesias
This report examines what has been done to address crime and social violence in Latin America -- one of the most serious and intractable problems in the region.

Organized Crime in Central America: The Northern Triangle

Cynthia J. Arnson, Eric L. Olson, Steven S. Dudley, James Bosworth, Douglas Farah, and Julie López
This publication attempts to create a better understanding of the nature, origins, and evolution of organized crime in Central America by examining the dynamics of organized crime in the three countries of the so-called Northern Triangle as well as the broader regional context that links these case studies.

The Cuban Economy: Recent Trends

José Raúl Perales
This publication examines the contemporary state of Cuba’s economy at a time of great transformation through the use of econometric and other macroeconomic analysis tools.

A New Trade Policy for the United States: Lessons from Latin America

Mario Arana, Kevin P. Gallagher, Paolo Giordano, Anabel Gonzalez, Stephen Lande, Isabel Studer, and José Raúl Perales
The papers contained in this report address some of the most important questions regarding FTAs and U.S. trade policy. The authors make recommendations regarding issues of labor, environment, poverty reduction, trade competitiveness and economic development.

Seguridad y Defensa en America del Norte: Nuevos dilemas geopolíticos

Raul Benitez-Manaut
The book's authors collaborate to put forth an analysis of North American national defense policies and their implications on transnational and border security. Issues of migration and organized crime are touched upon, providing readers with an greater, in-depth understanding of security problems faced by the region as a whole.

La economía política del tratado de libre comercio entre Perú y Estados Unidos

José Raúl Perales and Eduardo Morón
This publication explores the significance of the implementation of the US-Peru free trade agreement for the Peruvian political economy. The work is a result of an August 29 and 30, 2008 conference in Lima, co-sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson Center's Latin American Program and the Centro de Investigaciones de la Universidad del Pacífico.

Iran in Latin America: Threat or 'Axis of Annoyance'?

Cynthia J. Arnson, Haleh Esfandiari, and Adam Stubits
The essays in this report reflect an effort to provide background and context for understanding Iran's relations with Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Nicaragua, and Venezuela; the articles emphasize the foreign policy objectives and strategies of Latin American nations as well as the strategic objectives of the Iranian government. Originally presented at a conference at the Woodrow Wilson Center in July 2008, the papers have since been revised, translated, and updated.

La Seguridad en el Caribe: Reformas y Cooperación Regional

Lilian Bobea, Johanna Mendelson Forman, Hal P. Klepak, Dirk Kruijt, and Jessica Byron
This publication adds to the recent years of dialogue regarding defense and security issues in the Caribbean. Bobea et al. present their analysis in the context of this dynamic region, shedding new light on the reforms of security and defense institutions.

Democratic Deficits:Addressing Challenges to Sustainability and Consolidation Around the World

Gary Bland and Cynthia J. Arnson
This book comparatively explores the obstacles countries face in sustaining and consolidating democratic systems. Topics include social services, poverty, and inequality, specific case studies, and how government policy and development practices improve the quality of life of citizens in democratic regimes.

Reforma de las fuerzas armadas en América Latina y el impacto de las amenazas irregulares

Lilian Bobea, Carlos Basombrio, Raul Benitez-Manaut, Oscar Bonilla, Rut Diamint, Oswaldo Jarrin, Eliezer Rizzo de Oliveira, and Gabriel Aguilera Peralta
Regional experts address security sector reforms in light of the increasingly unconventional and transnational nature of the threats affecting Latin America.

New Voices in the Study of Democracy in Latin America

Guillermo O'Donnell, Joseph S. Tulchin, Augusto Varas, and Adam Stubits
This publication contains papers from the two years of a competition which gave grants to PhDs to write papers on democracy. Chapters in this book shift the focus of studies on institutions to questions of efficiency and accountability, examine how democracy functions at subnational levels, and explore how concerns over gender and race affect our understanding of democratic governance.

Seguridad ciudadana en las Américas: Proyecto de investigación activa

Jessica Varat
The latest publication in the Reports on the Americas series, this book is a compilation of field reports from a team of citizen security experts working in the region. Their most recent research, presented in this report, evaluates specific instances of citizen participation in local security initiatives in five countries and presents a comparative analysis of the results.

Democracia y ciudadanía

Andrew Selee and Leticia Santin del Rio
This publication is the result of a meeting which took place in Mexico City in June 2004. Participants from Mexico, Colombia, Spain, and the United States sought to understand the theoretical possibilities and the practical achievements of citizen participation and public deliberation in local governments in Mexico.

Cambios en la sociedad Cubana desde los noventa

Joseph Tulchin, Lilian Bobea, Mayra P. Espina Prieto, Rafael Hernandez, and Elizabeth Bryan
This book aims to provide academics, policymakers, NGOs and the media in Cuba, Latin America and North America, with a better understanding of the changes in Cuban civil society since the collapse of the Soviet Union and their implications in the areas of research, academic and literary production, and public policy.

Changes in Cuban Society since the Nineties

Joseph Tulchin, Lilian Bobea, Elizabeth Bryan, Mayra P. Espina Prieto, and Rafael Hernandez
This book aims to provide academics, policymakers, NGOs and the media in Cuba, Latin America and North America, with a better understanding of the changes in Cuban civil society since the collapse of the Soviet Union and their implications in the areas of research, academic and literary production, and public policy.

Mercosur and the Creation of the Free Trade Area of the Americas

Fernando Lorenzo and Marcel Vaillant
Summary and examination of negotiations aimed at the creation of the Free Trade Area of the Americas, with special attention to the positions of Mercosur countries.

The Peace Process in Colombia with the Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia-AUC

Cynthia J. Arnson
In July 2003, the government of President Álvaro Uribe took the unprecedented step of opening formal peace talks with the AUC. This publication is the collection of papers that resulted from a conference hosted by the Wilson Center to explore key issues in the Government-AUC peace talks, the prospects for an eventual negotiated settlement, and the key challenges ahead.

Decentralization and Democratic Governance in Latin America

Joseph Tulchin and Andrew Selee
This volume explores one of the crucial intersections of political and economic change: how the reform of the central state in the form of policies of decentralization has affected democratic governance in different countries and at different levels of society.The book is a product of a two-year project on decentralization which included both national-level and comparative research.

Mexico and the New Challenges of Hemispheric Security

Raul Benitez-Manaut
The essays in this book center on the debate over competing approaches to hemispheric security and how different countries, specifically Mexico, formulate their security policies in the broader context of multilateral hemispheric initiatives and of bilateral relations with the United States.

Argentina-US Bilateral Relations: Past and Present

Cynthia J. Arnson and Tamara Taraciuk
On December 4, 2003, the Latin American Program and the Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales co-sponsored a second conference on "Argentina-United States Bilateral Relations: An Historical Perspective and Future Challenges," held at the University of Buenos Aires in Argentina. This book contains an edited version of the panelists' presentations.

Religion, Culture, and Society: The Case of Cuba

Margaret Crahan
Participants at the conference that produced this publication explored the applicability of the predominant analytical models used to comprehend the interaction of religion, culture and society. This was accompanied by an exploration of concepts of civil society, together with a review of the history of associationalism in Cuba and the impact of diasporas on Cuban identity.

Argentina-United States Bilateral Relations: An Historical Perspective and Future Challenges

Cynthia J. Arnson
On March 5, 2003, the Latin American Program and the Cold War International History Project held a conference on "Argentina-United States Bilateral Relations: An Historical Perspective and Future Challenges." This book contains an edited version of the panelists presentations.

Repensando la Argentina: Antes de diciembre de 2001 y más allá de mayo de 2003

Ariel Armony, Hector Schamis, and Giselle Cohen
On April 3, 2003, meeting participants discussed economic policies, Argentina's position in world affairs, Argentine democracy and political parties, culture, education, human rights and civil society. The open discussion led to this publication.

El Salvador's Democratic Transition Ten Years After the Peace Accord

Cynthia J. Arnson
This report results from a 2002 conference held to evaluate the ten years following the accord between El Salvador's government and guerrillas of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front. The conference aimed to assess the nature of the democratic transition and related socio-economic developments in the post-war era.

Paths to Regional Integration: The Case of MERCOSUR

Joseph Tulchin, Ralph H. Espach, and Heather Golding
A conference was hosted on November 9, 2000 to discuss the implications of regional integration, drawing on the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR) as a case study. This volume includes several papers presented at the conference that address MERCOSUR's development, economic and political importance, and efforts to effect a "relaunching" of the common market enterprise.

Environment and Security in the Amazon Basin

Joseph Tulchin and Heather Golding
A series of three conferences were held during the Spring of 2000 to discuss issues such as: environmental and sustainable initiatives in the Amazon Basin; the roles of local, national, and international actors; Brazil's national security agenda in relation to the Amazon Basin; and the rising threat of international drug trafficking. This volume is a compilation of papers presented.

Training a New Generation of Leaders

Joan Dassin, Joseph Tulchin, and Amelia Brown
To assess the state of public policy education in Latin America, the Wilson Center launched a research project to survey the institutional capacity for graduate level training in public policy in Latin America and the United States. This publication is the result and offers an overview of public policy education in Latin America while providing a groundwork for future efforts to improve its quality in the region.

The Crisis of Democratic Governance in the Andes

Cynthia J. Arnson
Experts who took part in a June 2000 discussion reveal that countries in the Andean region suffer from deep problems of governance: crisis of citizenship, reflected in widespread apathy and low levels of participation in the political process; the decline of political parties; corruption and a lack of accountability of civilian as well as military elites; weak institutions; and the military's involvement in politics.

Mexico in Transition

Andrew Selee, Rafael Fernández de Castro, Rodolfo Stavenhagen, Guadalupe González, Jose Luis Orozco, Carlos Elizondo, Santiago Levy, David Brooks, Gustav Ranis, Marta Lamas, Raul Benitez-Manaut, and Adolfo Gilly
This volume offers several of the presentations from a May 2000 this conference which address political and social transition in Mexico, new directions in economic policy, and the changing nature of U.S.-Mexico relations.

Experts & Staff