Africa Publications

The Congo Crisis, 1960-1961: A Critical Oral History Conference

Nov 28, 2011
HAPP is pleased to announce the release of "The Congo Crisis, 1960-1961: A Critical Oral History Conference" The publication features the transcript of a critical oral history conference convened by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars’ History and Public Policy Program and Africa Program on September 23-24, 2004. more

Reducing Urban Poverty: A New Generation of Ideas

Nov 01, 2011
Recognizing a need to develop and strengthen urban-focused practitioner and policymaking ties with academia, and disseminate evidence-based development programming, CUSP, USAID's Urban Programs Team, the International Housing Coalition, the World Bank, and Cities Alliance teamed up to co-sponsor a second academic paper competition for graduate students studying urban issues. Six winning papers were selected for this publication to highlight the new research and innovative thinking of the next generation of urban planners, practitioners, and policymakers. more

Certification: The Path to Conflict-Free Minerals from Congo

Jul 21, 2011
The conflict minerals movement is gaining traction. The movement is a pragmatic effort to address one of the principal drivers of atrocities and conflict throughout Congo’s tortured history: the scramble for control of Congo's vast mineral resources. In eastern Congo today, these mineral resources are financing multiple armed groups, many of whom use mass rape as a deliberate strategy to intimidate and control local populations. Armed groups and military units earn hundreds of millions of dollars per year by trading four main minerals: the ores that produce tin, tantalum, tungsten, and gold. This money enables the militias to self-finance their campaign of brutal violence against civilians, with some of the worst abuses occurring in mining areas. more

Strategies for Promoting Gender Equity in Developing Countries: Lessons, Challenges and Opportunities

Jul 20, 2011
Strategies for Promoting Gender Equity in Developing Countries: Lessons, Challenges, and Opportunities examines both old and new strategies for promoting gender equity in development. Edited by Elizabeth Bryan and Jessica Varat. more

Analyzing the Current Situation in Zimbabwe

Jul 20, 2011
Steve McDonald's testimony about the United States' role in encouraging the transition to democracy, peace and stability in Zimbabwe before the Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health on December 2, 2010. more

Women, Muslim Laws and Human Rights in Nigeria: A Keynote Address

Jul 19, 2011
What is the meaning of Shari’a law? How can we understand its implementation in different contexts, given the diversity in the practice of Islam in Africa and around the globe? What are the elements of Shari’a that are particularly relevant to the position of women and gender relations in the African nation(s) under consideration? more

Election Observation Missions: Making them Count

Jul 19, 2011
International election observation is a work in progress, much like the international democratic system it aims to promote and develop. Today election observation is disproportionately focused on the pre-election and election periods at the expense of the post-election period. International organizations, national governments, and civil society are familiar with what is expected both before and during an election. Election “practices” exist and an international set of principles is now emerging to guide international elections observers both before and during elections. more

The ANC and Post-Apartheid South Africa Quo Vadis: One Hundred Years Going on Twenty

Jul 15, 2011
The advent of democracy in 1994 came with the promise of a society whose race, political, economic and social relations would be the antithesis of what they had been under apartheid. The post-apartheid order would deliver what the ANC calls “a better life for all.” What has happened since the ANC came to power can best be summarized in three ways: First, there has been some improvement in the political, social and economic conditions of the majority. Second, democratic, policy and delivery deficits have emerged. more

Trade & Economic Development

Jul 14, 2011
This paper is intended to promote discussion as to the role that trade can play in speeding development in Africa and the possible steps that can be taken to enable Africa to participate more fully in the global market. It does not cover all the barriers to expanding trade by African countries. Other important topics – notably infrastructure, especially ports and roads, and corruption – are discussed in other conference papers. It also does not include issues that are not directly related to trade and which can only be dealt with in the longer term, such as improved health and education, which were critical components of the success of the Asian “tigers”. more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.