African Union Publications

Reflections on the Adoption of UNGA Resolution Banning Female Genital Mutilation

Reflections on the Adoption of UNGA Resolution Banning Female Genital Mutilation

Dec 21, 2012
On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Resolution “Intensifying global efforts for the elimination of female genital mutilations.” This resolution is a very important step in the history of the women’s movement in the MENA region, especially at a time when women’s role and rights are being marginalized in a number of Arab countries. more

Moving Targets: Youth Priorities and the Policy Response in War and Post-War Africa

Apr 16, 2012
Unprecedented numbers of young people in weak and war-torn African nations, in short, tend to be characterized by the gap between what most youth need and what governments and international donors think they need, not to mention what they actually get. more

United We Stand, Divided We Fall:The Sudans After the Split

Mar 30, 2012
The paper gives a valuable update on current events, including the ongoing conflicts in Abyei, South Kordofan, and the Nuba Mountains, the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), North and South conflicts on oil revenue, and internal political rivalry and governance issues. more

Certification: The Path to Conflict-Free Minerals from Congo

Jul 21, 2011
The conflict minerals movement is gaining traction. The movement is a pragmatic effort to address one of the principal drivers of atrocities and conflict throughout Congo’s tortured history: the scramble for control of Congo's vast mineral resources. In eastern Congo today, these mineral resources are financing multiple armed groups, many of whom use mass rape as a deliberate strategy to intimidate and control local populations. Armed groups and military units earn hundreds of millions of dollars per year by trading four main minerals: the ores that produce tin, tantalum, tungsten, and gold. This money enables the militias to self-finance their campaign of brutal violence against civilians, with some of the worst abuses occurring in mining areas. more

Women, Muslim Laws and Human Rights in Nigeria: A Keynote Address

Jul 19, 2011
What is the meaning of Shari’a law? How can we understand its implementation in different contexts, given the diversity in the practice of Islam in Africa and around the globe? What are the elements of Shari’a that are particularly relevant to the position of women and gender relations in the African nation(s) under consideration? more

Election Observation Missions: Making them Count

Jul 19, 2011
International election observation is a work in progress, much like the international democratic system it aims to promote and develop. Today election observation is disproportionately focused on the pre-election and election periods at the expense of the post-election period. International organizations, national governments, and civil society are familiar with what is expected both before and during an election. Election “practices” exist and an international set of principles is now emerging to guide international elections observers both before and during elections. more

The ANC and Post-Apartheid South Africa Quo Vadis: One Hundred Years Going on Twenty

Jul 15, 2011
The advent of democracy in 1994 came with the promise of a society whose race, political, economic and social relations would be the antithesis of what they had been under apartheid. The post-apartheid order would deliver what the ANC calls “a better life for all.” What has happened since the ANC came to power can best be summarized in three ways: First, there has been some improvement in the political, social and economic conditions of the majority. Second, democratic, policy and delivery deficits have emerged. more

Trade & Economic Development

Jul 14, 2011
This paper is intended to promote discussion as to the role that trade can play in speeding development in Africa and the possible steps that can be taken to enable Africa to participate more fully in the global market. It does not cover all the barriers to expanding trade by African countries. Other important topics – notably infrastructure, especially ports and roads, and corruption – are discussed in other conference papers. It also does not include issues that are not directly related to trade and which can only be dealt with in the longer term, such as improved health and education, which were critical components of the success of the Asian “tigers”. more

Global Drug Trafficking: Africa's Expanding Role

Jul 07, 2011
Africa's role in the drug trafficking industry is a strong testament to the interplay of supply and demand market expansion, to the hybridization of transnational organized crime syndicates, as well as to the need for a paradigm shift in domestic, regional and international approaches to drug trafficking interdiction. On May 28, 2009, the Africa Program of the Woodrow Wilson Center convened a conference to assess the situation of international drug trafficking and the increasingly important role that Africa plays. more

AIDS Orphans in Africa: Building an Urban Response

Jul 07, 2011
Contents:-Forward by Steven Friedman-"The Urban Impact", Mary Crewe and Karen Michael-"The Role and Capacity of Local Government", Maria Elena Ducci and Sibongiseni Dhlomo-"The Role of National Government in Supporting Local Government", Gugu Molloi and Samson James Opolot-"The Way Forward", Cathy Mbeki, Rebecca Black and Shan Naidu-Wrap-up, Earl Kessler-Closing Remarks, Gilbert KhadiagalaThis document is not available for download. To request an electronic version, please email africa@wilsoncenter.org more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.