Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding Publications

Horn of Africa: Webs of Conflict and Pathways to Peace

Jan 18, 2012
Measured by almost any criteria, in recent decades the Horn of Africa has been one of the world’s most conflicted regions, experiencing over 200 armed conflicts since 1990.This paper suggests that viewing the Horn through a conflict resolution and peacebuilding lens is essential for developing new, comprehensive and integrated policy approaches in the region. more

Chronic Violence and its Reproduction: Perverse Trends in Social Relations, Citizenship, and Democracy in Latin America

Nov 01, 2011
This report reviews a broad literature on the causes and social effects of chronic violence in Latin America and details the consistent and diverse ways that chronic violence undermines social relations and support for democracy. more

Our Shared Future: Environmental Pathways to Peace

Aug 25, 2011
This report draws from the dialogue and seminar papers shared at a January 2010 meeting co-hosted by the Wilson Center and the Fetzer Institute to explore the affect of globalization on natural resource issues such as water on local, national, and international levels. Examining the effect of environmental peacebuilding on communities, the discussion explored how governments, NGOs, the private sector, and other interested parties can generate positive outcomes while minimizing negative ones. more

Certification: The Path to Conflict-Free Minerals from Congo

Jul 21, 2011
The conflict minerals movement is gaining traction. The movement is a pragmatic effort to address one of the principal drivers of atrocities and conflict throughout Congo’s tortured history: the scramble for control of Congo's vast mineral resources. In eastern Congo today, these mineral resources are financing multiple armed groups, many of whom use mass rape as a deliberate strategy to intimidate and control local populations. Armed groups and military units earn hundreds of millions of dollars per year by trading four main minerals: the ores that produce tin, tantalum, tungsten, and gold. This money enables the militias to self-finance their campaign of brutal violence against civilians, with some of the worst abuses occurring in mining areas. more

Youth and Conflict: Challenges and Opportunities for Peace-Building

Jul 20, 2011
The conference was the culminating event of a two-day Youth and Conflict workshop that took place at American University on May 15 and 16, 2006. more

Engaging Leaders for Statebuilding: The Case of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Jul 20, 2011
This study describes efforts made since 2006 from a Leadership Project and Africa Program-combined initiative, the Initiative for a Cohesive Leadership in the DRC (ILCCE). more

Engaging Fragile States: An International Policy Primer

Jul 20, 2011
As the U.S. government copes with huge challenges in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, other fragile states hang in the balance while generating threats to U.S. and international security. This report summarizes the findings from a colloquium hosted by the Project on Leadership and Building State Capacity on June 5, 2009. more

Civil Society and US Government in Conflict-Affected Regions: Building Better Relationships for Peacebuilding

Jul 19, 2011
This report summarizes key themes and recommendations discussed in a March 26, 2010 roundtable between US government agencies and civil society organizations engaged in conflict prevention and peacebuilding efforts in various regions of the world. more

Women, Muslim Laws and Human Rights in Nigeria: A Keynote Address

Jul 19, 2011
What is the meaning of Shari’a law? How can we understand its implementation in different contexts, given the diversity in the practice of Islam in Africa and around the globe? What are the elements of Shari’a that are particularly relevant to the position of women and gender relations in the African nation(s) under consideration? more

Election Observation Missions: Making them Count

Jul 19, 2011
International election observation is a work in progress, much like the international democratic system it aims to promote and develop. Today election observation is disproportionately focused on the pre-election and election periods at the expense of the post-election period. International organizations, national governments, and civil society are familiar with what is expected both before and during an election. Election “practices” exist and an international set of principles is now emerging to guide international elections observers both before and during elections. more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.