Democratic Transition Publications

63. Decentralization and Regionalization after Communism: Lessons from Administrative and Territorial Reform in Poland and the Czech Republic

Jul 07, 2011
While the regional level of authority has gained much attention in recent years in Western Europe, Eastern Europe is still emerging from decades of centralization and homogenization under communism. Several post-communist countries, however, have taken steps toward administrative decentralization and territorial regionalization. This article explores possible reasons for taking these steps and traces the progress of administrative and territorial reform in two post-communist cases: Poland and the Czech Republic. The conclusion considers several implications of these reforms for domestic politics and foreign relations. more

60. Governed by Accession? Hard and Soft Pillars of Europeanization in Central and Eastern Europe

Jul 07, 2011
With the collapse of state socialism in 1989, the formerly communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe (hereafter CEE) had no choice but to shake off their deeply ingrained Cold War mentality and try to take their place in a world characterized by globalization and increased regional integration. Their “return to Europe,” or integration into the structures of the European Community/European Union (EC/EU), passed an important milestone in 1993, when the EU made the historic decision to enlarge eastwards and accept new members from the formerly communist countries. Accession negotiations opened in spring 1998 for "fast-track" countries (Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, and Estonia), and in February 2000 for "slow-track" countries (Bulgaria, Slovakia, Romania, Latvia, and Lithuania). This paper focuses on the CEE countries’ “accession perspective”—their motives, expectations, deliberations, and practical difficulties as they strive to become part of the EU’s anticipated eastward enlargement. more

Democracy and Peace-building: Re-thinking the Conventional Wisdom

Jul 07, 2011
Author Posting. (c) 'The Round Table Ltd', 2008.This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of 'The Round Table Ltd' for personal use, not for redistribution.The definitive version was published in The Round Table, Volume 97 Issue 394, February 2008.doi:10.1080/00358530701844742 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00358530701844742) more

North Kivu Parliament Workshop II

Jul 07, 2011
French; May 2007. more

Fighting to Survive

Jul 07, 2011
A powerpoint presentation delivered on August 12th, 2005, describing the cases of seven former female child soldiers. more

National Parliament Workshop I

Jul 07, 2011
French; May 2007. more

Resolving the Three-Headed War from Hell: Seizing an Opportunity for Peace in Southern Sudan, Northern Uganda and Darfur

Jul 07, 2011
In the third of the Africa Program Occasional Paper Series, noted Africa expert John Prendergast analyzes the interrelated crises plaguing Sudan and Uganda, and assesses what would be necessary to bring peace to the troubled region. more

Report on Nganda I Workshop

Jul 07, 2011
In response to the invitation of diplomats and the encouragement of a cross-section of Congolese leaders, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, in partnership with ESSEC’s Institute on Research and Negotiations in Europe (IRENE), has launched a two-year leadership training initiative in the DRC. more

From Moi to Kibaki: An Assessment of the Kenyan Transition

Jul 07, 2011
In the first of the Africa Program Occasional Paper Series, Johnnie Carson, Senior Vice President of the National Defense University analyzes the recent political transition in Kenya, and its significance for the future of U.S.-Kenya relations. Johnnie Carson was U.S. ambassador to Kenya from 1999 to 2002. more

Conflict and Cooperation: Making the Case for Environmental Pathways to Peacebuilding in the Great Lakes Region

Jul 07, 2011
Policy paper on ways in which natural resource cooperation can lead to peace in Central Africa more

Pages

Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.