Economics and Globalization Publications

Hong Kong Conference Report: Section 7 (English)

Jul 07, 2011
Section 7 reflects on the prospect for environmental cooperation and peacemaking in this and other regions of conflict. more

ECSP Report 12: Table of Contents and Foreword

Jul 07, 2011
ECSP Report 12 analyzes conflicts over natural resources, which are increasingly depleted by population growth, environmental degradation, poverty, and over-consumption. Table of Contents and Foreword. more

317. The Decline of Domestic Politics and Other Taxing Problems in Eastern Europe

Jul 07, 2011
October 2005 - While all governments face the challenge of specifying fiscal arrangements that guarantee the state adequate resources to ward off physical or material threats to the citizenry, the new governments after the collapse of communism faced certain challenges specific to their capitalist transformation. They had to design tax systems within the context of creating an entirely new economic system. Fundamental public sector reforms eliminated the previous system's main source of taxation. As a result of privatization, East European states could no longer rely on appropriating profits from state-owned enterprises. In the past, the state would finance expenditures primarily by transferring revenue from state firms to the federal budget. With a large portion of these enterprises undergoing privatization, the state had to develop a tax policy to collect revenue from private sector production and private individuals. Thus, a wide range of taxes had to be put into place or be significantly reformed, including private property taxes, personal income taxes, inheritance taxes, consumption taxes, real estate taxes, capital gains taxes and excise duties. In allocating the tax burden across these different tax forms, leaders had to reconcile several competing considerations: which kinds of taxes would reliably raise budgetary revenue, which tax forms were hardest to evade, which forms would seem distributionally just to a population raised in a paternalistic state and lacking personal experience in honoring tax responsibilities and which would advance the country's foreign policy goals and international interests. more

Mexico in Transition

Jul 07, 2011
This volume offers several of the presentations from a May 2000 this conference which address political and social transition in Mexico, new directions in economic policy, and the changing nature of U.S.-Mexico relations. more

Forest Plunder in Southeast Asia: An Environmental Security Nexus in Burma and Cambodia

Jul 07, 2011
The root causes of the threats to much of Asia’s biological diversity, particularly in the region’s more unstable and authoritarian countries, can be generalized in three words: conversion, consumption and corruption. more

PECS News Issue 3 (Winter 2000)

Jul 07, 2011
PECS News Issue 3 features a report from the Wilson Center's forum on HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa, and an article on urban health in megacities by University of Michigan International Development Associate Brian Hubbard. more

Security By Other Means: Foreign Assistance, Global Poverty, and American Leadership

Jul 07, 2011
This Brookings Institution volume, edited by Lael Brainard, joins the growing chorus of criticism of foreign assistance reform in offering a clear set of first steps. more

Les defis de l'eau souterraine en Afrique australe (No. 2)

Jul 07, 2011
L’Afrique australe est confrontée à des pénuries d’eau souterraine potentiellement graves, qui mettent en péril non seulement la vie de ceux qui en dépendent directement, mais aussi le développement continu des moteurs économiques de la région. more

Exchange: Violent Environments

Jul 07, 2011
ECSP invited Homer-Dixon, Peluso, and Watts to engage in a dialogue about Violent Environments, as well as the future of environmental security research. more

ECSP Report 8: Meeting Summaries and Organizational Updates

Jul 07, 2011
Summaries of the past year's ECSP meetings and highlights from the environment, population, and security activities of academic programs, foundations, nongovernmental organizations, government offices, and intergovernmental organizations. more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.