Environmental Security Publications

290. Ethnic Cleansing, Communism and Environmental Devastation in Post-War Czechoslovakia

Jul 07, 2011
January 2004 - In the aftermath of World War II, Czechoslovakia expelled close to three million ethnic Germans into occupied Austria and Germany. These so-called Sudeten Germans had long lived in borderland regions ringing the provinces of Bohemia and Moravia, with the heaviest concentration inhabiting the industrially advanced north and west of Bohemia. During and after the expulsions, over two million Czechs settled in the formerly German areas, taking over houses, businesses and factories. The popular Communist Party controlled the resettlement process from the beginning in 1945, using its influence to create a web of patronage in the borderlands. This helped the Party win over 50 percent of the vote in north Bohemia in free elections in May of 1946. Even before Stalinism took hold in Czechoslovakia in 1948, north Bohemia's coal mining, power production and chemical industry were renowned. With the onset of a Communist policy of heavy industrialization, north Bohemia's industry became a model for the entire country. By the 1960s, north Bohemia also became known for its almost unrivaled pollution, with air and water so foul that trees died in waves and children decamped to the mountains for doses of clean air. more

Oiling the Friction: Environmental Conflict Management in the Niger Delta, Nigeria

Jul 07, 2011
Drawing on numerous interviews while living and working in the Niger Delta, Okechukwu Ibeanu analyzes the management of conflicts surrounding petroleum production in the region. more

Gaia's Revenge: Climate Change and Humanity's Loss

Jul 07, 2011
In Gaia’s Revenge: Climate Change and Humanity’s Loss, Peter Liotta and Allan Shearer argue that scenario analysis can be a useful tool for policymakers searching for the proper response to the impending challenges presented by climate change. more

ECSP Report 5: Reviews of New Publications

Jul 07, 2011
Experts review new publications. more

A nova face do conflito da agua (No. 3)

Jul 07, 2011
Entre todas as conversas de “guerras de água” iminentes, uma ligação menos dramática—mas mais imediata—entre a água e a violência é frequentemente ignorada: a violência desencadeada pela fraca governança dos recursos hídricos. more

ECSP Report 3: Event Summaries, Update, and Bibliography

Jul 07, 2011
Event summaries from nine of the 1996 sessions, as well as highlights of the environment, population, and security activities of foundations, nongovernmental organizations, academic programs, and government offices, a list of Internet sites and resources, and a bibliographic guide to the literature. more

From Environmental Peacemaking to Environmental Peacekeeping

Jul 07, 2011
While it is still not clear if environmental cooperation can lead directly to peace, we should explore the environment’s potential as a peacemaking tool in this increasingly unstable and conflictual world, writes Erika Weinthal. more

PECS News Issue 2 (Spring 2000)

Jul 07, 2011
PECS News Issue 2 includes reports from events on environmental security in Africa, an article on integrating gender into WWF's programs in Nepal, and a review of Gunther Baechler's Violence Through Environmental Discrimination. more

Event Summary: Navigating Peace

Jul 07, 2011
Event summary for Navigating Peace: Generating New Thinking about Water. more

ECSP Report 7: Updates

Jul 07, 2011
This update section highlights the environment, population, and security activities of academic programs, foundations, nongovernmental organizations, government offices, and intergovernmental organizations. more

Pages

Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.