Europe Publications

Working Paper V: Barriers to EU Conditionality in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Mar 26, 2012
A key question popping up in 2011 will very likely continue to shape policy discussions and debates in the Western Balkans in 2012: why doesn’t the “magnetic pull” of Europe seem to be resulting in reform and progress in Bosnia and Herzegovina? The “transformative power” thesis that grounds the European Union’s engagements in pre-accession countries is predicated on the assumption that the promised riches of membership will drive domestic leaders in any EU-hopeful country to align their country’s policies and practices with the norms required by the Club.[1] The wave of accession over the past decade is used as an illustration of the success of this model. Poland, Hungary and Malta benefitted from the technical rigors of EU accession preparation, followed not so long after by even Bulgaria and Romania. Surely this process promotes and results in the political, social and economic change desired to preserve and expand the European experiment, and to move towards an “ever closer union.” more

Policy Brief V: Reinforcing EU Conditionality

Mar 26, 2012
According to the logic of conditionality, the promise of membership is the key incentive that compels politicians to implement difficult reforms, and it is the EU’s main tool in the accession process. For many reasons, however, conditionality is not working in the Western Balkans in the same way it had in previous enlargements. more

Policy Brief IV: Confronting Illegitimacy

Mar 26, 2012
Democracy and legitimacy are closely linked. Legitimacy to govern is tested through elections, of course, but the challenge should not end there: throughout their terms, politicians’ legitimacy is linked to their ability to adhere to constitutional and legal constraints. State institutions are similarly held to account. Courts must ensure that remedies are provided to disputing parties and all cases are judged fairly; the legislature must operate according to predetermined rules for adopting laws; ministries must follow their protocols; and all of the branches of government must operate under the checks and balances envisioned by the Constitution. The media, oversight institutions, opposition political parties and NGOs maintain a careful watch on leaders and state institutions to ensure that people with power continue to operate within the law. In a democracy, maintaining legitimacy is as important as the elections themselves. more

Working Paper IV: Perceptions of Legitimacy in the Western Balkans

Mar 26, 2012
After all the hard work that the international community has put in establishing and funding the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the huge and prolonged efforts expensed at processes of European Union accession, it must be extremely disappointing to international actors to accept the profound illegitimacy that both the ICTY and much of EU institutions face in the region today. more

The New Geopolitics of Transatlantic Relations: Coordinated Responses to Common Dangers by Stefan Fröhlich

The New Geopolitics of Transatlantic Relations: Coordinated Responses to Common Dangers

Mar 21, 2012
The United States and Europe encounter many of the same foreign policy challenges, which diversely impact the two regions and produce different but often complementary responses. This book develops a framework for future U.S.-Europe relations to work toward meaningful and logical solutions to their shared foreign policy problems. more

Whither Pax Atomica? - The Euromissiles Crisis and the Peace Movement of the early 1980s

Feb 22, 2012
As the failure of Pax Atomica seemed more and more imminent, the soaring anxiety, alarm, apprehension and mistrust of the national governments across Europe contributed to the success of the 1980s peace movement. more

Romanian leader Nicolae Ceauşescu (center left) & Leonid Brezhnev (center right)

The Soviet-Romanian Clash over History, Identity and Dominion

Jan 31, 2012
CWIHP is pleased to announce the addition of seven new documents to its online Digital Archive. CWIHP e-Dossier No. 29 sheds new light on Soviet-Romanian relations and conflict during the late 1970s. more

 Embracing Democracy in the Western Balkans: From Postconflict Struggles toward European Integration by Lenard J. Cohen and John R. Lampe

Embracing Democracy in the Western Balkans: From Postconflict Struggles toward European Integration

Dec 08, 2011
In this volume, Cohen and Lampe offer a comparative, cross-regional study of the politics and economics of Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Kosovo, and Albania from 1999 until the present. more

Molotov's Proposal that the USSR Join NATO, March 1954

Nov 21, 2011
CWIHP is pleased to announce the addition of a new document to its online Digital Archive. CWIHP e-Dossier No. 27 contains a 1954 proposal by Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov, in which he proposed that the USSR Join NATO. more

The Beginning of the End for Détente: The Warsaw Pact Political Consultative Committee

Oct 17, 2011
CWIHP is pleased to announce the addition of a new documents to its online Digital Archive. In CWIHP e-Dossier No. 24, Mircea Munteanu analyzes new archival evidence on the Warsaw Pact's internal relations and military policy – meeting notes taken by Romanian Ambassador Vasile Sandru at a 1978 session of the Political Consultative Committee. more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.