Latin America Publications

Strengthening Health Systems in North and Central America: What Role for Migration?

Feb 01, 2013
As the demographics, epidemiological profiles, and migration patterns of El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and the United States change, there is rich opportunity to explore how the effective management of migration across these countries might help meet the demand for health care services. Using a comparative case study, this report looks at health care services and human resources in all five countries to identify constraints on health care capacity. Nursing personnel are the focus of the report. more

Ripe with Change: Evolving Farm Labor Markets in the United States, Mexico, and Central America

Feb 01, 2013
This report contributes to the Regional Migration Study Group's vision for human-capital infrastructure development in the United States, Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador by assessing trends in agriculture and their implications for farm labor markets. Such implications include demand for skills and requisite education and workforce development. more

Delivering Solutions to Improve Maternal Health and Increase Access to Family Planning

Jan 16, 2013
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 800 women die daily from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. Almost all of these deaths occur in developing countries, with higher rates for women living in rural areas and among poorer communities. more

Manufacturing in the United States, Mexico, and Central America: Implications for Competitiveness and Migration

Jan 01, 2013
The economies of Mexico, and to a lesser extent, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, have benefited from aggressive manufacturing-attraction strategies. At the same time, the achievements of the maquiladora development strategy have masked important flaws that threaten to stymie the promise of even greater economic growth. more

Crime and Violence in Mexico and Central America: An Evolving But Incomplete US Policy Response

Jan 01, 2013
In this report, we first survey the causes for the rise of violent crime in Mexico, and the Northern Triangle of Central America. We then look at the US policy response to date. We conclude by offering a few suggestions on how the US policy response could be significantly improved in the short and medium term to respond better to the underlying challenges that the countries of the region are facing, problems in which our own country is deeply implicated. more

Tax Incidence and Tax Reforms in Latin America

Dec 09, 2012
The paper provides an overview of the recent literature about the impact of taxation on inequality in the region, reviewing the major conclusions of recent empirical work and comparing Latin America to other regions of the world. more

Paying For Crime: A Review of the Relationships Between Insecurity and Development in Mexico and Central America

Dec 01, 2012
Given the consequences that insecurity and crime have for Mexico and Central America, the governments of the region must work to devise and implement policies that address the links between crime rates and development, citizens' lack of trust in institutions, and the high economic toll of insecurity overall. more

A New Agenda with Mexico

Nov 26, 2012
The depth of economic ties with Mexico, together with declines in illegal immigration and organized crime violence in Mexico, open up an opportunity for U.S. policymakers to deepen the economic relationship with Mexico and to engage Mexico more on major global issues. more

Origins and Evolution of the Brazilian Nuclear Program (1947-2011)

Nov 15, 2012
New documents released by Fundacao Getulio Vargas trace the evolution of the Brazilian nuclear program, from its early beginnings in 1947, to the establishment of its top secret civilian-military program in 1978, and up to the modern day. more

Border Insecurity in Central America's Northern Triangle

Nov 01, 2012
The recent surge in drug trafficking and violent crime in Central America has drawn a spotlight to the perennial problem of lawlessness along the borders of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. Throughout their histories, governments in these countries have neglected their peripheries. more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.