Nuclear History Publications

Brazil-Iraq Nuclear Cooperation

Jul 24, 2013
Brazil clandestinely purchased crucial materials and know-how in the nuclear black market and proliferating countries such as China. But Brazil was also on the giving end of international nuclear cooperation. Specifically, new documents and interviews confirm that cooperation with Iraq was more extensive than previously acknowledged by officials. more

The First Attempt at Argentine-Brazilian Nuclear Cooperation and the Argentine Response, 1967-1972

Jul 12, 2013
With the aim of creating effective nuclear cooperation with Buenos Aires, Brazilian President Arthur da Costa e Silva approved the “start of preliminary conversations with a view to putting into motion the formal negotiating process for the future signature with Argentina of an Agreement on Cooperation for Nuclear Development with Peaceful Purposes.” more

Brazil-South Africa Nuclear Relations

Jul 12, 2013
This dossier deals with a little known episode in the history of Brazil’s nuclear program: South Africa’s attempt to cooperate with Brazil. more

Israel's Quest for Yellowcake: The Secret Argentina-Israel Connection, 1963-1966

Jun 28, 2013
Previously secret documents show that Canadian intelligence uncovered Israel purchases of yellowcake from Argentina between 1963-1964. more

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Plutopia: Nuclear Families, Atomic Cities, and the Great Soviet and American Plutonium Disasters

May 28, 2013
“The production of nuclear weapons changed Soviet and American societies by creating whole new kinds of communities and new definitions of citizenship and safety and risk,” said Kate Brown at a May 08, 2013 presentation of her new book Plutopia: Nuclear Families, Atomic Cities, and the Great Soviet and American Plutonium Disasters. more

Intelligence Reports and Estimates of Nuclear Proliferation History Since 1966

Apr 25, 2013
China was exporting nuclear materials to Third World countries without safeguards beginning in the early 1980s, and may have given Pakistan weapons design information in the early years of its clandestine program, according to recently declassified CIA records. more

Issue Brief #2 - How to Become a Customer: Lessons from the Nuclear Negotiations between the U.S., Canada and Romania in the 1960s

Mar 15, 2013
Despite their recent popularity and apparent utility, civil nuclear cooperation agreement negotiations are fraught with the possibility of deception as evidence from Romania in the 1960s and 1970s suggests. more

The Clinton Administration and the Indian Nuclear Test That Did Not Happen - 1995-1996

Feb 22, 2013
In the last months of 1995, U.S intelligence agencies detected signs of nuclear test preparations at India’s test site in Pokhran, but the satellite photos that analysts studied were “as clear as mud,” according to declassified documents published today by the National Security Archive and the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project. more

Origins and Evolution of the Brazilian Nuclear Program (1947-2011)

Nov 15, 2012
New documents released by Fundacao Getulio Vargas trace the evolution of the Brazilian nuclear program, from its early beginnings in 1947, to the establishment of its top secret civilian-military program in 1978, and up to the modern day. more

Declassified 1964 National Intelligence Estimate Predicts India’s Bomb But Not Israel’s

Nov 06, 2012
The US intelligence community predicted India’s nuclear bomb in 1964 but mistakenly concluded Israel had “not yet decided” to go nuclear, according to newly declassified documents posted today by the National Security Archive and the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project. more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.