Nuclear Weapons Publications

Undated photo of the South African nuclear test site taken by a U.S. reconnaissance satellite during 1977 or 1977. See document 3 for the image in context.

Proliferation Watch: US Intelligence Assessments of Potential Nuclear Powers, 1977–2001

Dec 13, 2013
This research update co-published with the National Security Archive includes the publication of recently declassified satellite photographs of the South African Nuclear Test site from 1977, a new release of a CIA report on the September 1979 South Atlantic Mystery Flash, and Department of Energy and Defense Intelligence Agency Reports illuminating pre-war controversy over the Iraqi procurement of aluminum tubes for an alleged gas centrifuge program more

The Avner Cohen Collection

Oct 03, 2013
The Avner Cohen Collection features exciting new materials regarding the development of the Israeli nuclear program, including interviews with key policymakers and scientists from Israel, the United States, and France that shed new light on the development of the Israeli nuclear program. more

From the Peaceful Atom to the Peaceful Explosion

Sep 05, 2013
NPIHP Working Paper #3. Jayita Sarkar explores technological collaboration between the French and Indian Atomic Energy Commissions, using new archival documents to expose how shared opposition to U.S. information censorship and the desire to preserve foreign policy independence fostered nuclear collaboration between the two nations. more

Resolving the Dilemma of Nuclear Mistrust: From Foz do Iguacu to the Constitution of ABACC (1985-1991)

Aug 15, 2013
Nuclear relations between Argentina and Brazil immediately following re-democratization were not simple. Both countries still kept open the possibility of developing peaceful nuclear devices and had sensitive components of their respective programs outside the international safeguards regime, which presented a dilemma to be resolved in order to advance in other areas of the bilateral relationship. more

Brazil's 1975 Nuclear Agreement with West Germany

Aug 13, 2013
As it developed its own domestic nuclear program, Brazil was defining its diplomatic stance on proliferation: signing but not implementing the Treaty of Tlatelolco and refusing to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. more

Brazilian Nuclear Cooperation with the People's Republic of China

Jul 31, 2013
In the early 1980s, Brazilian nuclear activities were facing stark challenges. The 1975 Brazil-West German nuclear cooperation agreement had inspired strong opposition from the US and elsewhere. The landmark agreement provided for reactor construction and the transfer of uranium enrichment and plutonium reprocessing capabilities that would give Brazil mastery of the entire nuclear fuel cycle. Officials in Washington viewed the agreement as a major proliferation risk. more

The Brazilian Proposal to Renounce Peaceful Nuclear Explosions and the Argentine Response (1983-1985)

Jul 31, 2013
In early 1980's, Argentina and Brazil—both ruled by military dictatorships—were making significant advances in nuclear technology while undergoing radical domestic political transformations, which ultimately led to democratization in both Argentina in 1983 and Brazil in 1985. more

From the Indian Bomb to the Establishment of the First Brazil-Argentina Nuclear Agreement (1974-1980)

Jul 24, 2013
India’s first nuclear explosive test in May 1974 had deep consequences for the nuclear non-proliferation regime. The establishment of the Nuclear Suppliers Group in 1975 added to the safeguards requirements that were imposed on countries seeking nuclear technology—even those that were outside the NPT. This tightening of the nuclear technology transfer regime as a result of India’s 1974 test would have a considerable effect on the Brazilian and Argentine programs. more

Brazil-Iraq Nuclear Cooperation

Jul 24, 2013
Brazil clandestinely purchased crucial materials and know-how in the nuclear black market and proliferating countries such as China. But Brazil was also on the giving end of international nuclear cooperation. Specifically, new documents and interviews confirm that cooperation with Iraq was more extensive than previously acknowledged by officials. more

The First Attempt at Argentine-Brazilian Nuclear Cooperation and the Argentine Response, 1967-1972

Jul 12, 2013
With the aim of creating effective nuclear cooperation with Buenos Aires, Brazilian President Arthur da Costa e Silva approved the “start of preliminary conversations with a view to putting into motion the formal negotiating process for the future signature with Argentina of an Agreement on Cooperation for Nuclear Development with Peaceful Purposes.” more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.