Trade and Development Publications

Trade Negotiators Need to Address Exchange Rate Manipulation

Feb 20, 2013
Deliberate manipulation of foreign exchange rates by a number of countries is one of the most egregious of all unfair trade practices today. By maintaining an artificially low exchange rate, a country in effect imposes an extra charge on imports (equivalent to a tariff) and also gains an unfair trade advantage in the U.S. and third country markets. While this practice has long been recognized as unfair, international trade rules have no effective provisions to address this issue. more

Changing Energy: Canada and the United States

Feb 07, 2013
Americans are generally surprised to learn that more of the energy that the United States imports comes from Canada than from any other country. Really, you say? The United States imports 2.7 million barrels of crude oil and refined products from Canada every day, representing 24 percent of total petroleum imports—about twice what is imported from Saudi Arabia. more

How Should America Respond to Economic Opportunities in Africa?

Feb 07, 2013
U.S. policy toward Africa has been on autopilot for much of the past four years, following a laundry list of good intentions that established priorities for Africa’s well-being and U.S. security interests. However, a truly sustainable and forward-looking U.S. policy toward Africa should refocus attention on Africa’s opportunity as an economic powerhouse of the future, a strategy that combines both domestic self-interest and an opportunity to help Africa move forward. more

Ripe with Change: Evolving Farm Labor Markets in the United States, Mexico, and Central America

Feb 01, 2013
This report contributes to the Regional Migration Study Group's vision for human-capital infrastructure development in the United States, Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador by assessing trends in agriculture and their implications for farm labor markets. Such implications include demand for skills and requisite education and workforce development. more

Manufacturing in the United States, Mexico, and Central America: Implications for Competitiveness and Migration

Jan 01, 2013
The economies of Mexico, and to a lesser extent, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, have benefited from aggressive manufacturing-attraction strategies. At the same time, the achievements of the maquiladora development strategy have masked important flaws that threaten to stymie the promise of even greater economic growth. more

Negotiations for a Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

Dec 04, 2012
The TPP is a major attempt to update the rules governing international trade to meet new challenges. In this paper, Wilson Center Senior Scholar William Krist puts the TPP negotiations in a historic context, assesses the current state of the negotiations, examines a number of key issues involved and explores the implication of new members joining the negotiations. more

Pursuing A Productive Relationship Between the U.S. and Brazil

Dec 03, 2012
The growing presence of Brazilian global companies in the United States complements traditionally strong investments by U.S. companies in Brazil. This trend has created a two-way street where common interests are more visible and both governments are pressured to recognize the benefits of working together or risk paying a political price for not doing so. more

Paying For Crime: A Review of the Relationships Between Insecurity and Development in Mexico and Central America

Dec 01, 2012
Given the consequences that insecurity and crime have for Mexico and Central America, the governments of the region must work to devise and implement policies that address the links between crime rates and development, citizens' lack of trust in institutions, and the high economic toll of insecurity overall. more

Manufacturing Matters

Nov 28, 2012
Manufacturing plays a key role in the U.S. economy and will continue to do so. Looking ahead, the United States needs a manufacturing strategy that can support the emergence of advanced manufacturing processes that, in conjunction with low-cost energy, can revitalize the U.S. manufacturing sector. more

Sustaining U.S.-China Cooperation in Clean Energy

Sep 24, 2012
Sustaining U.S.-China Cooperation in Clean Energy provides a governmental and private-sector overview of the complex dynamics of competition and cooperation behind U.S. and Chinese national efforts to develop their solar, wind, and other alternative energy industries. It assesses systemic differences in clean energy policy between the United States and China and identifies areas of congruence as well as disparity. more

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Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.