Publications

Innovation in Mexico

Fostering Innovation in Mexico

Nov 19, 2014
How has the global economy changed, and what does it mean for innovation? How should we be thinking about innovation? What conditions are necessary for innovation to thrive? How can we attract greater investment for innovation activities? What types of government policies and regulations can strengthen innovation? How can we better integrate science and technology into practical applications? What are the barriers to innovation, and how can we overcome them? This publication summarizes the main themes of the High-Level Innovation Forum for Policymakers 2013 and highlights some lessons learned. The purpose of this paper is to aid in ongoing dialogue, the next stage of which will take place in Washington, DC in November, 2014 (The publication is available both in English and Spanish). more

Iran and the Syrian and Iraqi Crises

Nov 19, 2014
Tehran has had a longstanding alliance with Damascus since 1979, and its relations with Baghdad have steadily improved subsequent to the ouster of Saddam Hussein. This has resulted in close ties between Iran and these two key Arab states. However, this has all been called into question with the eruption of the Syrian revolt, and the recent rise of ISIS and its challenge to the Iraqi state. This article provides an overview of the conditions in Syria and Iraq which facilitated the rise of ISIS, and explains what is at stake for Iran, particularly in the case of Iraq. more

Photo by The Global Panorama

Putin’s created an economic crisis and left Moscow no easy way out

Nov 15, 2014
Western sanctions have left Russia in dire financial circumstances — stuck somewhere between recession and stagnation. Though proven solutions exist for what now ails Russia, President Vladimir Putin’s geo-strategic and political choices have rendered these traditional economic approaches unworkable. more

International Cooperation in a Time of Transition: The IMF, G20, and the Global Financial Crisis

Nov 13, 2014
Through 2008-2009, the world was confronted by the risk of global economic catastrophe on a scale not experienced since the Great Depression. This resulted in intensive efforts at international cooperation and coordination by national governments. Under the leadership of the U.S., G20 Leaders convened for the first time in Washington DC in November 2008 and over the next twelve months and two further meetings, established itself as the premier forum for international economic cooperation. The subsequent track record, in bureaucratic parlance, has been mixed. Why? more

Forecasting Nuclear War

Nov 13, 2014
Between 1981 and 1989 the foreign intelligence branches of the Soviet KGB and the East German Ministry of State Security launched a combined effort to develop a system for detecting signs of an impending western nuclear first strike. Codenamed “Project RYaN”, this early-warning system constituted one part of the Soviet response to the perceived threat of a surprise “decapitation” strike by NATO nuclear forces. more

InsightOut - Expert Voices on China's Energy and Environmental Challenges

Nov 06, 2014
Natural gas has emerged as a potential game changer on China’s path to reduce its reliance on coal and shift to cleaner energy sources. This shift, however, is bound to require costly investments, raise energy prices, and dampen economic competitiveness in the short term. more

Image: Wikimedia Commons/Tavrian/CC by-sa 1.0

Hitting the Pause Button: The "Frozen Conflict" Dilemma in Ukraine

Nov 06, 2014
For some time, Ukraine is likely to host frozen conflicts, in Crimea and the Donbas region. Elections last Sunday in the Russian-armed, rebel-controlled areas of eastern Ukraine reinforced this. Moscow said the vote reflected the "will of the people," but the European Union called the elections "illegal and illegitimate." Ukraine will face difficult realities and painful choices in managing its conflicts. Georgia's experience with frozen conflicts in Abkhazia and South Ossetia offers lessons for Ukraine. more

Photo by Josef Stuefer

Eastern Europe’s Dependence on Russian Pipelines: Reconciling Energy Needs with Sovereignty

Nov 05, 2014
Interview with Lucia Seybert, recent Title VIII-Supported Research Scholar, and Professorial Lecturer, American University more

A Bloodless Transition: Tunisia’s Legislative Elections

Nov 05, 2014
The Tunisian parliamentary election that took place on October 26 has been widely hailed as a rare and heartening success story. It was a moment of bloodless democratic transition in a broader Middle East that appears to be crumbling daily into anarchy, from the lawless militia zone of Libya to the killing grounds of Syria and Iraq. The election went off peacefully, without accusations of fraud, and even the principal losing party—the Tunisian Islamist group known as Ennahda—held a celebration to honor the event as a “victory for all Tunisians.” more

The Hybridization of Security Sector Governance for Peace-Building and State-Building In Somalia

Nov 05, 2014
"The collapse of the Somali central government and the ensuing anarchy resulted in major insecurity that compelled the indigenous population to seek alternative means to safeguard its livelihood. This led to the proliferation of non-state security actors, the rise in their legitimacy, and the emergence of hybridized security sector governance. This paper argues for the use of hybridized security governance to consolidate peace and state building in contemporary Somalia and gives insight into how neighboring countries and the international community might support Somali efforts to preserve peace. It suggests that the Somalia Federal Government should decentralize security sector governance and integrate traditional justice remedies and local militias into the governance structure with well-articulated roles and a system of accountability." more

Pages

Dialogue

The Future of Higher Education

Mar 26, 2014Apr 02, 2014

Jeff Abernathy and Richard Morrill discuss how colleges and universities are dealing with rapidly rising costs and how the United States can still compete for students in a globalized environment.