Wilson Center Experts
research on voluntary initiatives concerning child welfare during the late Imperial period: the movment to rehabilitate juvenile delinquents (as a response to legal reforms of 1864) and the campaign against child abuse and the exploitation of child labor (1880s and 1890s). This research reveals the changing attitudes towards children and family, anxieties of educated society about the nations future, and the prominance of the urban centers. Evaluates presence of the legal profession, and its evolution. Makes use of workers journals.