International Development Publications
International election observation is a work in progress, much like the international democratic system it aims to promote and develop. Today election observation is disproportionately focused on the pre-election and election periods at the expense of the post-election period. International organizations, national governments, and civil society are familiar with what is expected both before and during an election. Election “practices” exist and an international set of principles is now emerging to guide international elections observers both before and during elections.
Author Irene Kitzantides describes the SPREAD Project's integration of agribusiness development with community health care and education, including family planning, in Rwanda.
Blue Ventures' Vik Mohan, Rebecca Hill, and Alasdair Harris argue that their integrated approach, which combines reproductive health with conservation measures in Madagascar, offers communities--and the marine environment on which they depend--the best possible chances of survival.
The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars sponsored a congressional study trip to El Salvador and Guatemala from April 13 through April 18, 2009. It was organized by the Wilson Center on the Hill Program and the Latin American Program at the Wilson Center. The trip focused on two issues that are critical for the United States’ relationships with countries across Central America – security and economic development.
The update section is designed to highlight the environment, population, and security activities of various organizations. The bibliography includes a wide range of publications, organized by theme, which relate to environment, population, and security.
The author explores why water needs fail to rally a forceful, sustained response from the global community.
This article analyzes the relationships between demographic dynamics and Hurricane Mitch in Central America, and extracts from that experience lessons that can help reduce vulnerability to natural disasters in the long run.
Using geo-referenced data, Clionadh Raleigh and Henrik Urdal find that population growth and density are related to increased civil conflict, but that demographic and environmental factors are generally outweighed by political and economic ones.
This chapter identifies ten methodological, analytical, and substantive opportunities for future research, and five areas in which focused analysis could bolster policymaking.
"[T]he importance of youthful age structure—particularly in insurgency-based civil wars—should not be ignored. The relationship between large youth cohorts and civil war appears to have held throughout history," writes Sarah Staveteig.