Wilson Center Experts

Mary Barton

Title VIII Short Term Scholar
Kennan Institute

Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding
Global Governance
Human Rights
Security and Defense
North America
Russia and Eurasia
Ph.D. Candidate, Corcoran Department of History, University of Virginia
Wilson Center Project(s):
"A History of Modern Counter-Terrorism, 1898-1937"
Jun 02, 2014
Oct 30, 2014

Mary Barton is a doctoral candidate in the Corcoran Department of History at the University of Virginia. Her research examines early terrorism and counter-terrorism from a transnational perspective.

Project Summary

My dissertation research focuses on the development of modern counter-terrorism strategies and practices in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Terrorism emerged as a distinct form of political violence in Europe during the late nineteenth century. By the mid-twentieth century, it was a global phenomenon, shifting from international anarchist violence of the 1890s to anti-colonial and state-sponsored terrorism in the 1920s and 1930s. Faced with an evolving security threat, national governments and the international community responded in a variety of ways. The diverse legal, institutional and diplomatic strategies undertaken by governments at the turn of the twentieth century mark the beginnings of contemporary counter-terrorism.

Major Publications

“The Global War on Anarchism: The United States and International Anarchist Terrorism, 1898-1904” Diplomatic History (2014)