Wilson Center Experts

William Viktorovich Smirnov

Short-Term Grant
Kennan Institute

Russia and Eurasia
Chair, Department of Political Science, Institute of State and Law, Russian Academy of Science
Wilson Center Project(s):
Citizens’ Political Participation
Feb 01, 1994
Mar 01, 1994

Project Summary

Assesses the changing patterns, level and meaning of Soviet citizens’ political participation. Notes the significant increase in levels of unconventional political participation and involvement in unofficial social and political movments as it occurred in tandem with a decline in ritualistic forms of political involvment. Cites the dramatic change in the actual meaning of political participation from predominantly ritualistic, disengaged and mobilized participation to genuine political participation.