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What People are Saying

“Extremely well-written work that contributes to a neglected aspect of Russian religious history. Zhuk displays a clear mastery of the material and presents the details of the reformation without losing the thread of the narrative.”—Lee Trepanier, Religion and Politics Newsletter

“A valuable book on radical Protestantism in rural Russia and Ukraine… provocatively shows how Christian radicalism prepared the peasantry to accept and approve the revolution.”—Choice

“A vivid study of Protestant sectarianism in the multiethnic regions of southern Russia and Ukraine.”—American Historical Review

“This is a study that not only makes a very important contribution to Russian religious, cultural, and social history, but will stimulate controversy about Russia’s place in world history.”—Glennys Young, University of Washington

“Stimulating study.… For anyone interested in gaining a sense of the religious ferment in Ukraine where Mennonites were centered and Mennonite Brethren had their beginning.”—Harold Jantz, Mennonite Brethren Herald

“A very valuable contribution to Russian and especially Ukrainian religious history.”—Michael Rowe, Journal of Ecclesiastical History

“This study will help to open the way for further research and cooperation between Russian, Ukrainian and Mennonite scholars.”—James Urry, Mennonite Quarterly Review

“Zhuk displays a clear understanding of the ethos of peasant life as he explores the ethnic and demographic situation.”—Canadian Slavonic Papers

“Zhuk offers a bold vision of religious movements that grew out of and never strayed very far from the dominant Orthodox creed.”—Revolutionary Russia

“Through exhaustive archival research and wonderfully chosen photographs, Zhuk has succeed in bringing back to life forgotten sectarians and their complicated relation with Orthodox Christianity.”—Nadieszda Kizenko, Journal of Modern History

“Adds to the growing body of work that shows how large, variegated, and peculiar these people were.”—Alexander Etkind, Church History

“Readers will find Zhuk’s interpretation of south Russian or Ukrainian peasant culture to be worth consideration and his careful description of popular beliefs and religious syncretism of compelling interest.”—Journal of Interdisciplinary History

“A thickly detailed study of religious radicalism in the southern Russian Empire from 1830 to 1914.”—Brian P. Bennett, History of Religions

Chapter List

List of Figures
Map of the Southern Provinces of the Russian Empire


Introduction: The Forgotten Pioneers of Radical Evangelicalism in Russia—Historiography, Theory, and Sources

1. Colonialization, Emancipation, and Religious Radicalism

2. The Shalaputs

3. The Stundists

4. Peasant Theologians and the Protestant Ethic

5. The Stundo-Shalaputs, or the Maliovantsy

6. Orthodox Peasants No More

7. The Religious Radicals’ Rebellion Epilogue From Christian Millennium to Bolshevik Utopia

Appendix A: Population of Southern Russian and Ukrainian Provinces, 1861–1900, according to the Governors’ Reports
Appendix B: Sects in the Southern European Provinces of the Russian Empire, according to the Census of 1897
Appendix C: The Registered Sects in the Southern European Provinces of the Russian Empire, according to the Census of 1909–10

Selected Bibliography

About Woodrow Wilson Center Press

Woodrow Wilson Center Press publishes books by fellows, other resident scholars, and staff written in substantial part at the Wilson Center.