New Kuklinski Documents on Martial Law in Poland Released

Dec 11, 2008
 

Related: More documents from CWIHP on Ryszard Kukliński

The Central Intelligence Agency today released 82 documents relating to one of the most significant espionage cases of the Cold War, the case of Polish Army Col. Ryszard Kuklinski. Kuklinski, a senior officer on the Polish General Staff and aide to Polish prime minister and communist party chief (and later president) Wojciech Jaruzelski, had volunteered his services to the United States Army during a sailing trip to northern Germany in 1972. For over nine years, Kuklinski provided the CIA with more than 40,000 pages of documents regarding the innermost secrets of the Warsaw Pact, "the secrets of the kitchen" (Jaruzelski), including war plans--intelligence that was deemed of "truly great strategic significance" by Zbigniew Brzezinski, President Carter's national security adviser. Much of the documentation photographed by Kuklinski at great personal risk (with the door to his office unlocked) was passed to the CIA through clandestine exchanges during boat trips, some 63 moving car exchanges and also through dead drops.

During the 1980-81 Polish Crisis he continued to provide information on Warsaw Pact planning, internal Polish developments and Soviet pressures. From the initial outbreak of labor unrest and the rise of the independent trade union "Solidarnosc" (Solidarity) to the declaration of Martial Law on 12/13 December 1981 Kuklinski provided period reporting and commentary on the chaotic progression of events. His reporting focused on the refinement of the plans for introducing martial law (with which, much to his frustration he was tasked), internal debates within the party and military leadership, and the constant pressure from Moscow on the Polish communist regime to contain and destroy the labor union.

The documents released today (see links below) include a 1977 document outlining governmental tasks in the event of a threat to national security; 18 reports by Kuklinski on information and impressions gained from his close contacts on the Polish General Staff and from contact with Soviet officers; 42 reports relaying Martial Law planning documents, 16 reports based on Kuklinski information disseminated after the declaration of Martial law on 13 December 1981, as well as one 1983 report prepared by Kuklinski after his (and his family's) extraction to the United States.

Further study will be required to assess the significance of these newly released materials. They add to Kuklinski materials released earlier and reprinted (in part) in CWIHP Bulletin No. 11, and to CWIHP Special Working Paper No. 1, Soviet Deliberations During the Polish Crisis, 1980-1981, which provides other crucial internal Soviet documents on the Martial Law Crisis.

Additional Warsaw Pact materials will soon be published on the CWIHP website.
 

Downloads


AttachmentSize
1972 Letter from Col. Kuklinski to U.S. Embassy in Berlin Offering to Spy for United States.104.26 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish Document <i>Tasks for National and Provincial Officials in Case of Increase Threat to Poland's Security</i>4.51 MB
Intelligence Information Cable on <i>Validity of Polish General Dubicki's Comments to the Press about Alleged Soviet Troops Wearing Polish Uniforms</i>119.29 KB
Memorandum reporting that <i>Polish Ministry of Defense Drafting Plans to Utilize the Polish Military to Implement Martial Law</i>189.23 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish Document <i>Proposals on the Procedure of Introducing a State of Martial Law, in the Interest of State Security, and Determination of the Effects of Introducing this State</i>1.53 MB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish Document <i>Official Memorandum Pertaining to a State of Martial Law</i>1.61 MB
Memorandum on <i>Polish Government Plans for the Possible Introduction of Martial Law</i>137.34 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish Document <i>The Summary Address by General of the Army Wojiech JARUZELSKI... given at the Central Conference of the PPR Armed Forces Party-Political Aktiv</i>3.4 MB
Memorandum on <i>Current Situation in the Polish Government and Ministry of Defense</i>170.45 KB
Memorandum on <i>Polish Government Plans for Possible Soviet Military Intervention and Declaration of Martial Law</i>388.78 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish Document <i>Guiding Principles of a Decisionmaking Game of Leading Party and Government Organs of the PPR</i>384.84 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish Memorandum on the Preparations by the Ministry of Communications for Carrying Out Tasks under Special Conditions (Strikes)383.83 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Memorandum of the Minister of Domestic Trade and Services on the State of the Preparatory Work</i>306.13 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish Document <i>PROTOCOL No. 01/80 on the Meeting of the National Defense Committee Held on 12 November 1980</i>717.3 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish Document <i>Appraisal of the Current Internal Situation in Poland, and a Hypothetical Sequence of Critical Events Before and After Introduction of Martial Law</i>368.06 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Report on Interministerial Decisionmaking Game</i>787 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on <i>Report Regarding Preparations of the ministry of Power Industry and Atomic Energy for a State of Crisis</i>277.03 KB
Memorandum on the <i>Military Aspects of the Current Crisis in Poland</i>387.97 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish Memorandum on the Authority of Premier Jaruzelski as Minister of National Defense261.13 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on <i>List of Participants in Decisionmaking Game on 16 February 1981</i>232.45 KB
Memorandum on Soviet Reaction to the Polish Proposals Regarding the Declaration of Martial Law205.96 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Report on the Status of National Preparedness in the Event it Becomes Necessary to Declare Martial Law, and on Conclusions Drawn from the Decisionmaking Game</i>835.33 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Accord Between the Governments of the PPR and USSR on Numerical Strength of Soviet Troops Temporarily Stationed in Poland, their Disposition, and Movement Procedures</i>3.79 MB
Memorandum on: 1) Soviet-Polish Positions on the Declaration of Martial Law in Poland, 2) the 23rd Meeting of the Military Council of the Combined Armed Forces of the Warsaw Pact in Sofia, Bulgaria, and 3) Soviet Air Operations in Poland504.72 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Memorandum on the Completion of the Main Phase of Work on Contingency Plans for Declaration of Martial Law in the PPR</i>509.89 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Guidelines for Introduction of Martial Law on the Territory of the PPR in the Interest of State Security</i>738.69 KB
Memorandum on Proposed Military Measures in Connection with the Current Political Situation in Poland101.58 KB
Memorandum on Polish Military and Security Reactions to the Current Political Situation in Poland220.16 KB
Memorandum on: 1) Attitudes of the Polish Ministry of Defense and Soviet Military Positions in Connection with the Current Political Situation in Poland, and 2) Results of the Meeting of the Polish National Defense Committee on 19 June459.21 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish Document Detailing 23-24 March 1981 Meeting of the National Defense Policy Board Concerning Specific Contingency Measures to be taken by the Armed Forces in the event Martial Law is Declared367.24 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Agenda of the National Defense Committee Meeting of 19 June 1981</i>177.16 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Memorandum of the Chief of the General Staff of the Polish People's Army on Measures Taken by the Ministry of National Defense Related to the Guarantee of National Security</i>559.98 KB
Memorandum on: 1) Polish General Staff Evaluation of Soviet Military Presence and Activities in Poland, and 2) Premier Jaruzelski and the Polish Ministry of Defense's Attitude Regarding Martial Law and the Current Situation in Poland450.38 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Report on the Implementation in 1980 of Mobilization Preparations in the National Economy in the Framework of Expenditures for National Defense and Security</i>970.52 KB
Memorandum on 1) The Current Political Situation in Poland, and 2) Polish Ministry of Defense Plans for the Possible Introduction of Martial Law183.89 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on text of the Polish <i>Notification of the Institution of Martial Law for the Security of the State</i>396.13 KB
CIA Intelligence Analysis Memorandum Prepared by the Office of Strategic Research on Martial Law in Poland321.54 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish Document <i>Protocol No. 01/81 of the National Defense Committee Meeting held on 19 June 1981</i>885.95 KB
Memorandum on: 1) New Draft Decree on Martial Law, and 2) Current Situation in Poland208.32 KB
Memorandum on Current Plans for the Introduction of Martial Law in Poland143.85 KB
Memorandum on 1) Agenda for the Meeting of the National Defense Committee on 14 September, 2) Current Positions of the Political and Military Leadership Regarding the Introduction of Martial Law, and 3) Comments on Exercise "ZAPAD-81"307.37 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Report Delivered by the Chief of the General Staff, PAF, at the Meeting of the National Defense Committee on 14 September 1981</i>589.67 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Decree on Martial Law, Dated ....</i>1.49 MB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Rationale for the Draft Decree on Martial Law</i>417.51 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish Document <i>Report on the Status of Preparations of the State in Case of the Need to Introduce Martial law and Basic Effects of this Measure</i>364.1 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish Document entitled <i>Selected Problems Pertaining to the Moral-Political and Disciplinary Status of Armed Forces Personnel</i>277.63 KB
Memorandum on the Current Political/Military Situation in Poland189.9 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Resolution of the Council of State, Dated ...., on Introduction of Martial Law for Reasons of National Security</i>178.66 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Two Letters Exchanged Between Marshal V. Kulikov and General W. Jaruzelski on Increasing the Size of the Staff on the CINCCAF of the Polish Armed Forces237.11 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Directive of the Council of Ministers, Dated ...., on the Suspension of Trade Union and Certain Other Social Organization Activities During a State of Martial Law</i>482.68 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Ordinance of the Minister of Internal Affairs, Dated ...., on the Exemption of Certain Assemblies and Public Meetings From the Requirement to Secure Permits During a State of Martial Law</i>194.98 KB
Memorandum on Current Political Situation in Poland105.08 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>List of Legal Documents Pertaining to Martial law for Reasons of State Security</i>279.85 KB
Memorandum on Current Military/Political Situation in Poland109 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Decree, Dated ...., on Special Proceedings in Criminal and Misdemeanor Cases During a State of Martial Law</i>852.34 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Ordinance of the Minister of Interior Affairs, Dated ...., Concerning Permits to Change Place of Residence During a State of Martial Law</i>383.07 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Rules of Procedure in Cases Involving Internment of Polish Citizens</i>386.13 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Outline of Crisis Management Plan</i>509.73 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Ordinance of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers [...] Concerning Regulations [...] on Issuance of Permits for the Dissemination of Publications [...] During a State of Martial Law</i>349.27 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Ordinance of the Council of Ministers, Dated ...., on Implementation of Regulations of the Decree on Martial Law in the Field of Communications</i>708.01 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish Documents Concerning Militarization of Civil units and Augmentation of the Armed Forces1.94 MB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Three Polish Documents Concerning Restrictions on Freedom of Movement and Internment During Martial Law297.63 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on Polish <i>Report Presented by the Chief of the General Staff [...] at a Meeting of the National Defense Committee on 13 September 1981</i>577.84 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on <i>Polish Ministry of Internal Affairs "Daily Report No. 2" for 22 September 1981</i>899.86 KB
Intelligence Information Special Report on <i>Polish Ministry of Internal Affairs "Daily Report No.1 for 21 September 1981</i>1.43 MB
CIA Intelligence Assessment Memorandum on Polish Preparations for Martial Law Prepared by the Office of Soviet Analysis447.93 KB
CIA Intelligence Information Cable on <i>Background to the Polish Imposition of Martial Law</i>333.83 KB
CIA Intelligence Information Cable on <i>1)Soviet Influence Among the Current Polish Leadership, 2) Composition of the Council of National Salvation</i>333.14 KB
CIA Report <i>Background to Present Situation in Poland and Possible Soviet Role</i>258.18 KB
CIA Intelligence Information Cable on <i>Soviet Pressure on Polish Government to Act Against the Polish Church</i>163.2 KB
CIA Intelligence Information Cable on <i>Possible Future Phases of Martial Law</i>269.74 KB
CIA Intelligence Information Cable on <i>Contacts Between Polish Military and Politburo Officials</i>168.71 KB
CIA Intelligence Information Cable on <i>Soviet Penetration of the Polish Military</i>281.27 KB
CIA Intelligence Information Cable on <i>Soviet Pressure on Polish Leaders to Impose Martial Law</i>128 KB
CIA Intelligence Information Cable on <i>Measures Taken to Ensure the Reliability of Polish Conscripts</i>206.4 KB
CIA Intelligence Information Cable on <i>Relationship Between the Polish Ministry of National Defense and the Ministry of Internal Affairs</i>206.87 KB
CIA Intelligence Information Cable on <i>Comments [from Col. Kuklinski] on a Recent Photograph of the Polish Military Council of National Salvation</i>363.25 KB
CIA Intelligence Information Report on <i>The Polish National Defense Committee</i>205.24 KB
CIA Intelligence Information Report on <i>Relationship Between the Soviet Military Representation to Poland and the Polish General Staff</i>343.17 KB
CIA Intelligence Information Cable on <i>Possible Polish Strategy During the Present Phase</i>321.73 KB
Report by Col. Kuklinski on <i>Jaruzelski's Attitude, Behavior, and Style</i>2.84 MB

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