The Woodrow Wilson Center Press
Atoms for Peace: A Future after Fifty Years?
On December 8, 1953, President Dwight Eisenhower proposed in a speech to the United Nations that nuclear nonproliferation be promoted by offering peaceful nuclear technology to countries that would renounce nuclear weapons. Today the value of that basic trade-off—atoms for peace—is in question, along with the institutions that embody it. Deployment of weapons by India and Pakistan, noncompliance with safeguards by North Korea and Iran, and the threat of nuclear terrorism have weakened the image of the Nonproliferation Treaty. And new proposals and technologies for peaceful uses of nuclear power are coming forward, though they are accompanied by the realization that 1950s hopes for nuclear energy "too cheap to meter" were unrealistic.
The twenty-five contributors to Atoms for Peace grapple in many ways with nuclear proliferation, nuclear terrorism, and the future of nuclear energy. They include officials and scientists from a wide range of agencies and institutions. Among them are officials or former officials from Israel, Egypt, Pakistan, Canada, Korea, and Japan, from the U.S. departments of state, energy, and defense, the U.S. Senate, the National Security Council, the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations, the Nuclear Threat Initiative, MIT, Los Alamos National Laboratory, the College of William and Mary, and the University of California. Atoms for Peace also includes a set of fundamental speeches and documents relating to Atoms for Peace and its institutions.
What People are Saying
"The book presents a wide range of views on nuclear and nonproliferation matters at a time when many fundamental approaches to these matters are being reconsidered. Most of the views are those on critical and rapidly evolving developments and ideas."—Scott Davis, nonproliferation expert
Preface and Acknowledgments Acronyms and Abbreviations Foreword, Mohamed ElBaradei 1 Introduction, Joseph F. Pilat Part I The Enduring Legacy 2 Atoms for Peace at Fifty, James Schlesinger 3 Atoms for Peace and the International Atomic Energy Agency, David B. Waller 4 The Atoms-for-Peace Model and the Problem of Proliferation, Stephen G. Rademaker 5 Strengthening Nonproliferation: The Path Ahead, Mitchell B. Reiss 6 Atoms for Peace and the Future of Eisenhower's Vision, Ambassador Jayantha Dhanapala 7 Towards Universal Nonproliferation and Disarmament, Ambassador Mohamed I. Shaker Part II Addressing Nuclear Proliferation 8 Atoms for Peace and the "Rogue States," Robert S. Litwak 9 The Current Proliferation Predicament, Ariel Levite 10 Nonproliferation Efforts in Northeast Asia, Ambassador Choi Young-jin 11 Towards a Cooperative Security World: Prospects for Nonproliferation and Arms Control, Feroz Khan 12 Towards an Integrative Approach to Preventing Nuclear Terrorism, Ambassador Linton F. Brooks 13 Preventing Nuclear Terrorism, Laura S.H. Holgate 14 Second-Tier Suppliers and Their Threat to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime, Christopher F. Chyba Part III The Promise of Nuclear Energy 15 Atoms for Peace: Realizing the Vision, Senator Pete V. Domenici 16 The Paradox of Nuclear Power, Atsuyuki Suzuki 17 Nuclear Energy: New Challenges for the Future, Jacques Bouchard 18 A Nuclear Future Unlike the Past, Per F. Peterson 19 The Future of Nuclear Power, Richard K. Lester Part IV Looking to the Future 20 A New Bargain, Daniel B. Poneman 21 Atoms for Peace: Facing Emerging Challenges, Lawrence Schienman 22 The Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Is It Time for a Multilateral Approach? Tariq Rauf and Fiona Simpson 23 A Nuclear Renaissance and the Future of the Atoms-for-Peace Bargain, Joseph F. Pilat and Kory W. Budlong Sylvester 24 A Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty, Thomas E. Shea 25 Conclusions, Joseph F. Pilat Contributors Bibliography Appendix 1. Atomic Power for Peace Appendix 2. Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency Appendix 3. Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Appendix 4. Proliferation Security Initiative: Statement of Interdiction Principles Appendix 5. Towards a Safer World Appendix 6. President Announces New Measures to Counter the Threat of WMD Appendix 7. Global Threat Reduction Initiative Highlights Appendix 8. Multilateral Approaches to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Expert Group Report Submitted to the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency—Executive Summary Appendix 9. Global Nuclear Energy Partnership