Moscow’s 1993 Autumn Crisis: Tank Fire, Electoral Upset, and the American Policy Response
October 3, 1993, in Moscow was a beautiful autumn Sunday. It was also the day when domestic political debate collapsed into urban warfare. Confrontation over the drafting of a new constitution and a national referendum had boiled over, and tanks were out on the street in Moscow. Wayne Merry discussed his experiences as an embassy official in Moscow at the time, and the American policy response to the crisis.