ECSP Report 14

The latest volume of ECSP's flagship publication, ECSP Report 14, is now online-only. Articles address the demographic roots of the Arab Spring; the links between population dynamics and environmental resources like water, biodiversity, and food; and the potential impact of climate change mitigation efforts on conflict, among other topics. The ECSP Report is available on the Wilson Center website, the 'New Security Beat' blog, and

Issues in this Series

Afghanistan, Against the Odds: A Demographic Surprise

Elizabeth Leahy Madsen
A new survey finds that Afghanistan and Pakistan are on surprisingly similar demographic paths. Demographer Elizabeth Leahy Madsen says this is good news for Afghanistan, but not for Pakistan, where efforts to meet family planning needs have fallen short.

Backdraft: The Conflict Potential of Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

Geoffrey D. Dabelko, Lauren Herzer, Schuyler Null, Meaghan Parker, and Russell Sticklor
Amid the growing number of reports warning that climate change threatens security, one potentially dangerous – but counterintuitive – dimension has been largely ignored. Could efforts to reduce our carbon footprint and lower our vulnerability to climate change inadvertently exacerbate existing conflicts?

Harvesting Peace: Food Security, Conflict, and Cooperation

Emmy Simmons
This report explores the complex linkages between conflict and food security, drawing insights from scholarly work to help inform more effective programming for practitioners. Food insecurity both results from and contributes to repeated rounds of armed conflict in many places. Conflict can reduce the amount of food available, disrupt people’s access to food, limits families’ access to food preparation facilities and health care, and increase uncertainty about satisfying future needs for food and nutrition. Likewise, food insecurity may help to sustain conflict or reverse post-conflict recovery efforts.

Experts & Staff