The Mexico Institute regularly releases new publications. Below are the most recent materials published by members of the Mexico Institute's staff. Please check back regularly for the most up-to date publications available.
How has the global economy changed, and what does it mean for innovation? How should we be thinking about innovation? What conditions are necessary for innovation to thrive? How can we attract greater investment for innovation activities? What types of government policies and regulations can strengthen innovation? How can we better integrate science and technology into practical applications? What are the barriers to innovation, and how can we overcome them? This publication summarizes the main themes of the High-Level Innovation Forum for Policymakers 2013 and highlights some lessons learned. The purpose of this paper is to aid in ongoing dialogue, the next stage of which will take place in Washington, DC in November, 2014 (The publication is available both in English and Spanish). read more
Two decades ago, Canada, Mexico, and the United States created a continental economy through the North American Free Trade Agreement. Using unpublished official Mexican documents, this paper sheds light on the negotiation process and draws important lessons for the future of North America.
The outlook for North American energy is bright, and the transformation in the regional energy paradigm has been dramatic. However, to achieve the full potential of this newly discovered regional energy wealth, it will be necessary to more fully integrate the three countries' energy markets. This paper argues that, in order to make North American energy independence a reality, there are several main areas that require attention from the three governments, working together, to make the transition to an integrated North American energy system.
How has the global economy changed, and what does it mean for innovation? How should we be thinking about innovation? What conditions are necessary for innovation to thrive? How can we attract greater investment for innovation activities? What types of government policies and regulations can strengthen innovation? How can we better integrate science and technology into practical applications? What are the barriers to innovation, and how can we overcome them? This publication summarizes the main themes of the High-Level Innovation Forum for Policymakers 2013 and highlights some lessons learned. The purpose of this paper is to aid in ongoing dialogue, the next stage of which will take place in Washington, DC in November, 2014 (The publication is available both in English and Spanish).
The 2015 budget debate is the first since Mexico's 2013 fiscal reform was implemented, offering an important opportunity to analyze the impact of the tax policy changes on public income, and consequently, on expenditures. Three issues—tax collection, public expenditure, and the national debt—are explored in this article, all in the context of Mexico’s structural reforms and brightening yet somewhat volatile economic prospects.
Recognizing that the situation in Tamaulipas had reached crisis levels, in May, 2014, Mexico's top security officials met with their state level counterparts in Tamaulipas to unveil a new security strategy. This short report analyzes the new strategy, describes the challenging local context, and offers a few recommendations that could serve to strengthen the effort.
Now for the Hard Part: Renewing Regional Cooperation on Critical Infrastructure Security and ResilienceSep 22, 2014
Even before NAFTA and 9/11, the United States, Canada, and Mexico all recognized the need to secure critical infrastructure and to collaborate with their continental neighbors in doing so. This paper identifies challenges to critical infrastructure security and resilience (CISR) among the countries and provides recommendations for going forward.
The Mexico Institute is pleased to partner with USAID Mexico, the Council of State Governments West, the U.S. Congressional Border Caucus, and the North American Research Partnership on the “U.S.- Mexico Regional Economic Competitiveness Forums 2014.” This initiative brings together key business, government and other stakeholders to discuss the future of the U.S.-Mexico border economy with particular emphasis on four crossborder regions.
This study is part of a multiyear effort by the Mexico Institute at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and the Justice in Mexico Project at the University of San Diego to analyze the obstacles to and opportunities for improving citizen security in Mexico. The book offers policy options for how to foster robust civic responses to the problems of crime and violence.
At a time when nearly all of the key issues facing North America are being understood and addressed either independently by the United States, Canada and Mexico, or within the dual-bilateral framework of U.S.-Mexico and U.S.-Canada relations, this report attempts to view these challenges and opportunities through a trilateral lens.
Mexico’s renewable energy sector is prosperous and with great potential; however, it is necessary that Mexico sees itself as a country that as an energy future beyond Cantarell, beyond PEMEX, beyond oil. The future of renewable energy in Mexico offers great hope for the country and the region and the time is right for a concerted government, industry and social surge to push forward the development of this sector.
The Mexican energy reform bill adopted by a narrow margin on December 12, 2013 and which took effect on January 1, 2014 formalizes the most liberal energy regime in the country’s history.
In December of 2013, the Mexican Congress approved a major reform of the energy sector, with the hydrocarbons industry of as one of its focus points. We now await the secondary legislation and implementation that will make or break the reform. As in the case of other major reforms last year in the areas of telecommunications and competition (as well as in the case of the 2008 energy reform) one of the fundamental points of discussion in Congress will undoubtedly relate to the institutional framework and autonomy of regulatory agencies, specifically the National Commission of Hydrocarbons (CNH) and the Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE).
The Local Educational and Regional Economic Foundations of Violence: An Analysis of Homicide Rates across Mexico’s MunicipalitiesJan 15, 2014
Examining 2010 homicide rates across Mexico’s 2455 municipalities, Matthew Ingram offers a subnational and spatial study of the patterns and sources of violence.
In this article, David Shirk explores how the state of security in Mexico has changed in the year 2013. He argues that although there is much to be done, the current government’s efforts have actually been accompanied by a decrease in violence.
Mexico’s Petite Révolution: Justice and Security Implications of Approving a Fully New Code of Judicial ProceduresDec 13, 2013
This paper analyzes the implications of the approval of a Single Code, the fundamental ways in which it will change judicial procedures in Mexico, the main arguments given by its detractors and supporters, and the main benefits and challenges that its approval will pose for a country that faces large-scale criminal violence and low citizen’s trust in their authorities.
This paper explores why, in the period since NAFTA took place, there has been an increase in visas and qualified Mexican workers admissions. The highly skilled migration pattern is highly associated with economic integration between the economies of Mexico and the U.S. as a product of the Agreement, particularly regarding TN and intra-company transfer visas.
On June 21st, 2013, three experts on Mexican energy issues discussed the energy reform proposal, commenting on the urgency for change and highlighting the potential political, legal, and technical obstacles that it faces. This report summarizes the discussion and includes commentary on foreign policy implications and important international lessons to be learned.
In this article, Mexico scholar Viridiana Rios discusses the relationship between economic development and the rule of law. She argues that the rule of law provides a foundation for economic development by fostering a secure climate for investment, creating an environment of certainty about conflict resolution, providing all economic actors equal access to justice, and limiting corruption, predatory behavior and informality.
This report defines the gang issue in Mexico, briefly describes U.S.-Mexico bilateral efforts on youth gang prevention via the Merida Initiative, and provides policy recommendations for the U.S. and Mexican governments on how to best support civil society and strengthen relevant state institutions.
This paper seeks to examine the composition of victims groups in Mexico, their organizational structure and internal divisions, and helps shed light on a number of facets of this social movement.
Civic Engagement and the Judicial Reform: The role of civil society in reforming criminal justice in MexicoAug 22, 2013
This report focuses on the role played by civil society in Mexico's judicial reform process, highlighting the efforts of organizations that have been influential and emblematic of civic activism in this area.
This paper dissects the attempts, with varying degrees of success, of civil society and business associations to interact with authorities on security issues in four Mexican cities: Juarez, Monterrey, Nuevo Laredo and Tijuana.
The Second Democratic Transition in Mexico: Efforts, obstacles and challenges to Mexico in the quest for a comprehensive, coordinated, consistent form of accountabilityJul 30, 2013
During the last decade, Mexico has implemented a comprehensive set of institutional reforms to combat discretion, inefficiency and corruption. After the successful efforts beginning in the last decades to build a new electoral system that allowed a peaceful transition from a single party regime to a pluralist democracy, the public agenda began focusing on challenging the traditional way to exercise authority gained in the polls. This text is a brief summary of the set of changes and challenges Mexico has faced during this period as well as of the vigorous debate on how to build complete, articulate, and coherent accountability in the country.
As the debate over immigration reform has brought the management of the U.S.-Mexico border back into the spotlight, this report provides a comprehensive look at the state of affairs in the management of the U.S.-Mexico border and the border region, focusing on four core areas: trade and competitiveness, security, sustainability, and quality of life. The report suggests that rather than consider each issue individually, the interdependent nature of topics like trade and security demand the border be approached from a more holistic perspective.
What are the strengths and weaknesses of the partnership between Mexico and the United States? What might be done to improve it? Exploring both policy and process, and ranging from issues of trade and development to concerns about migration, the environment, and crime, the authors of Mexico and the United States provide a comprehensive analysis of one of the world’s most complex bilateral relationships.
Goodman's paper discusses U.S. firearms trafficking to Mexico as well as the lesser known phenomenon of the illicit movement of U.S.-origin firearms to Guatemala.
In Mexico, President Obama Expresses Optimism for Immigration Reform, But Many Americans Express Bias against Mexican ImmigrantsMay 06, 2013
Immigration reform gained momentum in the United States after the 2012 presidential election, when the Hispanic vote helped to swing the election conclusively toward President Obama, a fact he alluded to recently while in Mexico. This just-completed, nationwide Chicago Council survey reveals support for some variation of immigration reform, similar to other ecent polls. But there is still a lot of grassroots work to be done to break down stereotypes. Half of Americans overstate unauthorized immigration levels into the United States, which seems to intensify bias against Mexican immigrants and opposition to reform.
Thinking Regionally to Compete Globally: Leveraging Migration and Human Capital in the U.S., Mexico, and Central AmericaMay 06, 2013
Amid powerful demographic, economic and social forces reshaping Mexico and much of Central America and newfound momentum for reform of the U.S. immigration system, the countries of the region have new avenues to improve opportunities for their own people and strengthen regional competitiveness with new collaborative approaches on migration and human-capital development, an influential task force convened by the Migration Policy Institute and the Wilson Center concluded in a final report.
The Mexico Institute prepared a brief highlighting the potential for expanding student exchange and international mobility programs between the U.S. and Mexico.
The book consists of seven short chapters. The first positions Mexico as a fundamental issue for the United States. The second delves into the origins of the country’s current situation and choices. The third analyzes the conundrum of the nation’s politics. The fourth describes the process of decentralization that overtook the country in recent decades and what that entails for decision making. The fifth explores the economy, where it comes from and how it has performed, as well as its current dilemmas. The sixth examines the issue of security and its complexity. The book ends with a few thoughts on the stakes and opportunities looking toward the future.
This paper offers an assessment of the impact of criminal violence on journalists and media workers in Mexico, which is now the most dangerous country in the Western Hemisphere for journalists. Dr. Edmonds-Poli concludes with a set of policy recommendations for the Mexican government, Mexican society, and the international community to address the problem of violence against the Mexican media.
What emerges in this publication is a nuanced portrait of the individuals who have been tasked with serving as the key link of the U.S. government with Mexico. Dolia Estévez's effort to bring their memories and their perspectives to light helps illuminate a little known part of the political relationship between the two countries. It also chronicles a changing relationship between these countries from "distant neighbors" to "intimate strangers," who are deeply dependent on one another and yet are only still getting to know one another well enough to manage the relationship.
An analysis of cabinet leadership in Mexico has always provided insights into political recruitment trends for the policy-making leadership in general. This essay briefly analyzes the backgrounds of the twenty-two cabinet secretaries and important cabinet-level agencies, and the president, and compares them with equivalent leadership, where appropriate, from three prior presidential periods. Those consist of the cabinet members from the pre-democratic era, 1935-1988, from the democratic transition, 1988-2000, and from the democratic era, 2000-2013.
This paper gives an overview of Mexico’s judicial reform process and where things stand now that the Peña Nieto government has assumed the presidency from Felipe Calderón. A key challenge in tracking the reform continues to be the unavailability of systematic data on institutional changes; Ingram’s paper highlights the weakness in data availability but his measures of reform progress also contribute to ameliorating this weakness.
The Mexico Institute presents policy recommendations for strengthening U.S.-Mexico relations during the administrations of President Obama and President Peña Nieto.