Risk and Resilience: Sudan’s Livelihoods Challenge
Farming and livestock production are the mainstay of rural livelihoods in Sudan. Livestock has assumed even greater importance with a fall in oil revenues since the secession of South Sudan and establishment of a new international border. At the same time, pastoralists face unprecedented challenges. Conflict has shifted livestock markets, blocked migration routes, increased transaction costs, and increased ethnic friction. Just in the last three months, inter-tribal conflict linked with land disputes has displaced 144,000 people in eastern Darfur.
This seminar presents key findings from recent studies and monitoring in Sudan by Tufts University’s Feinstein International Center. Tufts’ ongoing monitoring of migration in Kordofan and Darfur indicates that while pastoralists continue to manage their herds according to environmental and economic principles, they face challenges linked with conflict on multiple fronts and the repetition of outdated and unsound policies. While the humanitarian debate increasingly acknowledges the dynamics of these pastoralist societies, a review of three years of emergency livestock projects indicates that responses that properly integrate them remain a far off goal.
It is critical, the panelists argue, to take a big picture perspective on Darfur’s protracted conflict, to understand the dynamics at play in the local economy, and identify opportunities where trade agreements can provide a bridge between different ethnic groups that are otherwise hostile to one another.
Visiting Fellow, Feinstein International Center, Tufts University
Independent Researcher, Honorary Editor, "Nomadic Peoples"
Senior Researcher, Feinstein International Center, Tufts University (Khartoum)
Helen Young //Professor and Research Director, Feinstein International Center, Tufts University